Her twin brother Xochipilli was the god of art, beauty, and dance. ↩, “Ichpochtli,” Online Nahuatl Dictionary, https://nahuatl.uoregon.edu/content/ichpochtli (accessed August 14, 2019). Tozi The goddess of sweat baths. Our open community is dedicated to digging into the origins of our species on planet earth, and question wherever the discoveries might take us. © 2019 Wasai LLC – All Rights Reserved. As his punishment in the Greek Underworld, each time Sisyphus neared the top of the hill, the boulder would miraculously roll itself down. Rh-Negative Blood: An Exotic Bloodline or Random Mutation? He carries a pointy stick and likes to poke it around. https://mythopedia.com/aztec-mythology/gods/xochiquetzal/. Although there weren't many female Aztec rulers, there were plenty of Aztec goddesses mingling with gods. invictus maneo saintpadfoot: “ Mythology | Aztec Goddesses “ Chalchiuhtlicue was the patron goddess of lakes and streams, known colloquially as She of the Jade Skirt. Favorite Add to 9x7" Framed Matted Art Print From my Original Mexican Art of Aztec Goddess Xochiquetzal By Mikekimart MikekimartPrints. Marigolds are sacred to her. When their son Pilcetecli came of age, however, there was no one for him to marry. Nahuatl was the common language of the Aztec empire and much of Mesoamerica. in History from Georgia State University. Emblemised [characterised] by flowers and colourful feathers, Xochiquetzal was patroness of lovers and prostitutes. One of the rituals revolving around her revolve around human sacrifice and the flaying of the victim’s skin. Huitzilopochtli (pronounced Weetz-ee-loh-POSHT-lee) was the … The name ‘Xochiquetzal’ may be translated to mean ‘Precious Feather Flower’, and this goddess was known as Ichpochtli, which means ‘maiden’. “Sexual Blasphemy: Artist Rurru Mipanochia Embodies Pre-Hispanic Pop Culture.” Posture Magazine, September 5, 2017. A priest of the goddess would then wear the woman’s skin and sat at a loom. Counted among the most important of Aztec gods (and Mesoamerican divine entities), Quetzalcoatl, regarded as the son of… Xochiquetzal. Xochiquetzal (center) and her twin brother Xochipilli described in the Codex Borgia. Piltzintecuhtli – god of the rising sun, healing… In line with her licentious reputation, Xochiquetzal seduced her brother Yappan, who had taken a vow of chastity. How about a "Books and Literature" forum? Milbrath, Susan. (n.d.). Also a protector of artisans, prostitutes, pregnant women and birth. Apart from that, however, this paradise was a desolate and empty landscape, with cold winds that cut the flesh like obsidian knives. The Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica. ( Public domain ). Coatlicue, (Nahuatl: “Serpent Skirt”) Aztec earth goddess, symbol of the earth as both creator and destroyer, mother of the gods and mortals. “The Aztec Festivals.” The Aztec Gateway. Tamoanchan described in the Codex Borgia. Ancient Pyramids in an Icy Landscape: Was There an Ancient Civilization in Antarctica? Chalchiuhtlicue: The Aztec Goddess of Water In one version of this story, he and his brother Tezcatlipota warred over the earth, destroying it four times before ending their feud. ( Public Domain ). Eloise Quiñones Keber (Lancaster, CA: Labyrinthos, 2000), 32. For reasons that aren’t entirely clear, weavers had a reputation for being loose women. Her name means “Precious Feather Flower.” She was pictured wearing a headband of flowers and colorful feathers. The Mayan equivalent to Xochiquetzal was Goddess I, a deity that represented fertility, procreation, erotic love, and weaving. Like Persephone, was kidnapped and taken from her husband, Tlaloc, to the underworld by Tezcatlipoca a lord of the underworld. Xochiquetzal is the Aztec goddess whose name means flower and precious feather. Is This the Real Reason Why Pirates Wore Eyepatches? Accessed August 15, 2019. https://posturemag.com/online/rurru-mipanochia/. The Powerful Symbol of the Swastika and its 12,000 Year History, The ‘Dynastic Race’ and the Biblical ‘Japheth’ – Part I: After the Deluge, Romans Mastered Nanotechnology and Used it for Eye Catching Decoration. Xochiquetzal’s familial ties are somewhat mysterious, as her parentage was lost to the historical gaps left by time and conquest. “Xochiquetzal.” Mythopedia. Xochiquetzalis an important goddess in Aztec mythology. The myth continues with Tezcatlipoca bringing the goddess to his realm and daring any of the gods to rescue her. Aztec Goddess Names for Girls. [Online]Available at: http://www.mexicolore.co.uk/aztecs/gods/goddess-of-the-month-xochiquetzal, Parsons, B. L., 2015. Ichpōchtli is an alternative form of Feathered-flower representative of beauty, sex, crafts, fertility, dance, music, singing, weaving, magic, and love spells. Xochiquetzal. Returning to Xochiquetzal and her two husbands, Tezcatlipoca’s conditions were met, and the god, in return, honoured his promise. Aztec Goddess of Corn/Maize. Xolotl. The link between Xochiquetzal, flowers, and sexuality was not an arbitrary one. Tlaloc accepted this challenge and went to Tezcatlipoca’s domain to demand the return of his wife. Amaranth. As a lunar deity, Xochiquetzal had an additional link to pregnancy; the moon also grew rounder over the course of its cycle. I believe that intellectual engagement by advocates from both ends of the spectrum would serve to... Read More. Enormous Underwater Structure in the Sea of Galilee is a Mystery to Archaeologists, A Mysterious Mummy in Cairo: The Surprising True Identity of Joseph with the Coat of Many Colors, Titanoboa: The Monster Snake that Ruled Prehistoric Colombia, The Sisyphus Myth: Cruel King Gets Eternal Punishment for Annoying Zeus, Unravelling the True Story of the Legendary Trojan Horse, The Real Story of Medusa: Protective Powers from a Snake-Haired Gorgon. In one myth, Xochiquetzal demonstrates her power by turning one of her priests into a scorpion. [NSFW: please be advised that this link contains what some may consider pornographic content]. She was an important member of the Aztec pantheon and one of several literal and figurative mothers to the Aztec people. Top image: Xochiquetzal, with flower (Codex Fejérváry-Mayer, page 29) Source: Public Domain, Flood, J., 2018. 116 (June 1884): 616-651. This tree was called Xochitlicacan, or the Flowering Tree, and is believed to bear thousands of multi-coloured flowers, each bloom of which was a love amulet. Being something of an Aztec hippy, he goes for flowers, singing and dancing, as well as guarding the souls of dead warriors who turn into humming birds. Aztec God of Illness and Disease. According to Aztec mythology, the goddess Mayahuel gave origen to the maguey plants. She is a goddess associated with concepts of fertility, beauty, and female sexual power, serving as a protector of young mothers and a patroness of pregnancy, childbirth, and the crafts practiced by women such as weaving and embroidery. Chalchiuhtlicue. Although Xochiquetzal was a goddess of the finer things in life, she was a powerful deity in her own right. Hueypachtli, sometimes called Tepeilhuitl, was an annual festival held primarily to honor Tlaloc; Xochiquetzal’s cult also partook in the celebrations.11 During this festival, Xochiquetzal was “honored with flower offerings, drinking, and ‘fornications.’”12 As was common in Aztec festivals, an ixiptlatli or impersonator was chosen to represent Xochiquetzal. Unlike his sister, Xochipilli represented male prostitutes and homosexuality. Acuecucyoticihuati - The goddess of the ocean; Ahuic - The goddess of running water in rivers, streams, and waves; Amoxtli - A book From shop CorazonMexica. Her work embraced the “gender and sexual emancipation of millennial Mexico City,” and the freedom to choose one’s own sexuality without concern for conservative social mores. She is the female principle. Chalchiuitlicue's name means "She Who Wears a Jade Skirt". In one account, she even represented chocolate and was known for giving roses their scent. Prior to the festival, a virgin was chosen to impersonate the goddess, and to wed a chosen warrior who represented Tezcatlipoca. Tamoanchan is quite unlike the concept of paradise found in Western culture. The Aztecs were Nahuatl-speaking groups living in central Mexico and much of their mythology is similar to that of other Mesoamerican cultures. Xochiquetzal’s association with flowers is evident in her iconography, in which the goddess is commonly presented as holding a bouquet of flowers. Tate, K., 2006. Aztec God of the Underworld. Chalchiuhtotolin. ↩, Karen Moe, “Sexual Blasphemy: Artist Rurru Mipanochia Embodies Pre-Hispanic Pop Culture,” Posture Magazine, September 5, 2017. https://posturemag.com/online/rurru-mipanochia/ (accessed August 15, 2019). At some point of time, however, Xochiquetzal was kidnapped by Tezcatlipoca, the god of night, and was forced to marry him. Xochiquetzal is the Aztec goddess of beauty, love and household arts who also associates with flowers and plants. Aztec Goddess of Fertility. Such gods included: 1. Xochiquetzal played wife to many different Aztec gods. A presumed depiction of Xochiquetzal from the Codex Rios only has plumes. While Xochiquetzal was a goddess of sexual desire and love, Spanish missionaries were drawn to the way in which she was portrayed. A man was selected to wear her skin and weave (an act typically reserved for women) in a representation of “the gender ambiguity embodied in the cult of lunar deities.”12, Much like the Biblical Eve, Xochiquetzal was the first woman to sin in Aztec mythology. NSFW: please be advised that this link contains what some may consider pornographic content. The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica, 2016. This union, however, lasted only for a year. As an ever-growing archive, our mission is to catalog the world’s mythology on the web for all to enjoy. Witches, Vampires and Werewolves – 10 Ghoulish Archaeological Discoveries, The Mysterious Disappearance of the Thomas Hume and its Dramatic Rediscovery. Some might call her a psychopomp, she guides those who have died to the other side safely. Pregnancy and weaving were connected through the idea of a spindle. Throughout Mesoamerican culture, they practiced human sacrifice and ritual cannibalism to placate this god. Privacy Policy, https://www.britannica.com/topic/Xochiquetzal, https://nahuatl.uoregon.edu/content/ichpochtli, https://posturemag.com/online/rurru-mipanochia/, https://nahuatl.uoregon.edu/content/quetzalli, https://web.archive.org/web/20130821054649/http://www.amoxtli.org/cuezali/festivals.html, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Piltzintecuhtli, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/X%C5%8Dchiquetzal, https://nahuatl.uoregon.edu/content/xochitl, https://mythopedia.com/aztec-mythology/gods/xochiquetzal/. She was also known as Matlalcueye—"She Who Wears a … Yacatecuhtli. Egyptian Blue – The Oldest Known Artificial Pigment, The Evidence is Cut in Stone: A Compelling Argument for Lost High Technology in Ancient Egypt, Han Purple: A 2,800-year-old artificial pigment that quantum physicists are trying to understand. Tlaloc (pronounced Tláh-lock), the rain god, is one of the most … Mictlantecuhtli was the Aztec god of death and the principle god of the underworld. Xochiquetzal’s familial ties are somewhat mysterious, as her parentage was lost to the historical gaps left by time and conquest. The worship of Miclantecuhtli was ongoing with the arrival of Europeans in the Americas. She was also related to various fertility and maternal goddesses in the Aztec mythology and was thus associated with the concepts of fecundity and nourishment. A statue of the Aztec goddess Chalchiuhtlicue, goddess of running water, newborns, marriage and innocent love and the sister/wife of the oldest god, the rain god Chac), in the National Museum of Anthropology (INAH), Mexico City. 3 Problems to Remember When Trying to Find Atlantis, The Lost City of Aztlan – Legendary Homeland of the Aztecs, The Infamous Eagle Warriors: Elite Infantrymen of the Aztec Empire, Xolotl – The Underworld Dog God of the Aztecs. Accessed August 14, 2019. https://nahuatl.uoregon.edu/content/quetzalli. Give your little goddess a powerful and meaningful name when you choose a moniker inspired by an Aztec goddess. 116 (June 1884), 619, 645. Norimitsu Odachi: Who Could Have Possibly Wielded This Enormous 15th Century Japanese Sword? Unravelling the Lesser-known Laser-sharp Cuts of Megalithic Japan, Ground-Penetrating Radar Locates Massive Viking Burial Mounds in Norway, Ruins of the Tribal Nanzhao Culture Speak of Buddha, Ghosts of Presidents Past In The Oval Office, Charred Remains Reveal the Ultra-Violent End of Zultépec-Tecoaque, Mule Canyon: Ancestral Pueblo Village of the Anasazi, Ancient Anomalous Human Skeletons: Humanity Could be Much Older Than We Think, Khnum – Ancient Egypt’s Lord of the Land of Life. Accessed August 14, 2019. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/X%C5%8Dchiquetzal. Accessed August 15, 2019. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Piltzintecuhtli. In another, they worked together to tear apart a monster called Tlaltcuhtli and … “Xochiquetzal.” Mythopedia, https://mythopedia.com/aztec-mythology/gods/xochiquetzal/. The water god was successful in his quest, as Tezcatlipoca agreed to return Xochiquetzal to him, and to not bother the goddess again, on the conditions that Xochiquetzal was forbidden to journey to earth directly, and that she was to stay in Tamoanchan, the paradise of the Aztec gods. [Online]Available at: https://mrpsmythopedia.wikispaces.com/Xochiquetzal, Shaud, J., 2018. ↩. Xochiquetzal went unpunished for her actions while Yappan was turned into a scorpion for his insolence.13, The Mexican artist Rurru Mipanochia named her 2017 art exhibit Xochiquetzal: Erotismo y Procreation after Xochiquetzal. “Xochiquetzal.” Encyclopædia Britannica. Such gods included: Piltzintecuhtli – god of the rising sun, healing, and hallucinogenic drugs4, Tezcatlipoca – one of the four creator deities who served as omnipresent god of the night sky and knower of all thoughts. Accessed on . The origins of human beings according to ancient Sumerian texts, Petroglyphic Features of Portable Rock Art, The Northern Mysteries Current: Futhark and Mystery Schools of the Viking Age, Floki and the Viking Discovery of Iceland. Unlike several other figures in the complex of Aztec female earth deities connected with agricultural and sexual fecundity, Xochiquetzal is always depicted as an alluring and youthful woman, richly attired and symbolically associated with vegetation and in particular flowers. Pictures of Xochiquetzal often show her holding flowers with quetzal bird feathers in her hair. Archived from the original on August 21, 2013. https://web.archive.org/web/20130821054649/http://www.amoxtli.org/cuezali/festivals.html. The Aztecs believed that Xochiquetzal’s domain was love, beauty, and pleasure, and that she was the patroness of lovers and prostitutes, as well as artisans, including artists, silversmiths, and weavers. 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