The time is increased to 1 minute if there are 2-3 number of competitors. The javelin must be thrown with an over-the-shoulder motion. 4. On the women's side, the javelin throw entered the Olympics in 1932. Everyone who meets or exceeds the qualification standard set for the competition, or the top 12 throwers – whichever is greater – qualifies for the final. For the throw to be measured, the athlete must not turn his or her back to the landing area at any stage during their approach and throw; they must throw the javelin over the upper part of their throwing arm, and they must not cross the foul line, aka scratch line, at any time. Javelin Throw Officiating Rules in Competitions The javelin must be held at its grip and thrown overhand using one arm, over the athlete's shoulder or upper arm. Fantastic choice! The javelin must land point first, not flat or tail first, that rule may not be enforced in younger age groups. The competitor can't turn his back to the throwing area until the javelin is airborne. The sport of javelin throwing was first introduced to the Olympics in 1906 as a freestyle event with very few rules and regulations over design. Players may make two practice throws. 6. To constitute a legal throw, the javelin’s metal tip must break the ground within the designated throwing sector. 2. The shoe cannot have more than 11 spikes, and they must be 12 mm (approximately ½ inch) long and 4 mm (approximately ¼ inch) diameter or smaller. For valid throw, the javelin must lie before the specified zone and its tip should hit the ground. Once the competition starts the players cannot use the impulse zone. Twelve competitors qualify for the Olympic javelin throw final. So here are some of the important rules. On July 20, 1984 (three weeks before the Olympic Games and two weeks before the L.A. Congress), Uwe Hohn (GDR) hurled the javelin to the formidable distance of 104.80m and ever since then the media have incorrectly reported that this throw was the cause for the change in the rules. The javelin throwis a track and fieldevent where the javelin, a spearabout 2.5 m (8 ft 2 in) in length, is thrown. The javelin weighs around 800g and is 2.6-2.7m long for men and for women it is 2.2-2.3m long and weighs around 600g. For valid throw, the javelin must lie before the specified zone and its tip should hit the ground. Knowledge of throwing techniques well help you emerge as a winner in a competition. Check that the area around is clear before doing so. As in all throwing events, the 12 finalists have three attempts apiece, and then the top eight competitors receive three more attempts. Each competitor will be credited with the best of their throws. There is a special marking line on the runway within which the athlete needs to throw. 3. The javelin must be griped at the cord, which is near the balance point. For valid throw, the javelin must lie before the specified zone and its tip should hit the ground. So, you've chosen to learn about the sport of javelin throw in track and field. Hulton Archive/Getty Images . Using any device that may assist the thrower in throwing is strictly prohibited. Because of the achievement of throwing distances beyond the 100 meters border, the center of gravity of the javelins shifts for 800 grams from 900 mm to 1060 mm from the tip. An athlete has to use only one arm and throw a metal-tipped javelin as far as possible. The men’s javelin must weigh at least 800g and be 2.6m-2.7m long while the women’s javelin must weigh 600g and be 2.2m-2.3m long. Holding the javelin must be done at the grip part and should always be maintained above the shoulder level. The first throwers were primitive hunters seeking food. In international competition, men throw a javelin between 2.6 and 2.7 m (8 ft 6 in and 8 ft 10 in) in length and 800 g (28 oz) in weight, and women throw a javelin between 2.2 and 2.3 m (7 ft 3 in and 7 ft 7 in) in length and 600 g (21 oz) in weight. The throw will be considered as a foul in the following cases −. IAAF World Athletics Championships: Javelin throw details. The professional men’s javelin weighs at least 800 grams (28.2 pounds) and is between 2.6-2.7 meters long (8 feet, 6¼ inches to 8 feet 10¼ inches). The rules do, however, allow athletes to chalk their hands. The throw is measured from the spot where the tip first touches the ground. Proper technique requires the athlete to hold the javelin with only one hand on the cord grip. The change resulted in shorter throws and was implemented for safety purposes, as some men's throws were coming dangerously close to flying out of the designated landing area. The javelin throw's basic rules are simple: dash down the runway and then throw the javelin as far as you can. Misc. The person who throws the spear, … In ancient times, spears were used for stabbing and javelins for throwing, leading to the inclusion of the javelin throw in the ancient Olympics. 5. The competitors get three throws or six throws. Once the competition has started, the athletes cannot use the perimeter for practise purpose. You can find rules at www.usatf.org, but that is enough to throw legally. For example, tapping of fingers are not allowed unless there is a wound. The javelin throw runway is between 30-36.5 meters long (98-5 to 119-9). The best throw is recorded and the person who throws it is considered as the winner for the throw to be qualified, the javelin's point should first touch the ground or the surface. Although today's javelin is commonly termed a "spear," the nickname isn't historically accurate. 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