IRIN The empirical findings suggest that South Sudan is not an example of state failure, but rather part of a broader process of state formation and that state-building is indeed possible during war. Displaced people carry water containers on their heads at Tomping camp, where the UN shelters about 15 000 people, near South Sudan's capital of Juba. October 17, 2017, Jason Patinkin October 20, 2019. November 28, 2016, Understanding the Roots of Conflict in South Sudan, Katherine Noel and Alex de Waal This is Boma, a state in South Sudan that is suffering from one of the country’s worst water shortages. Déjà Vu: Preventing Another Collapse in South Sudan, International Crisis Group Foreign Policy IRIN Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-in-Opposition (SPLM-IO) rebels fire weapons during an assault on Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA) soldiers in the town of Kaya, on the border with Uganda, in South Sudan on August 26, 2017. August 17, 2017, "Soldiers Assume We Are Rebels": Escalating Violence and Abuses in South Sudan's Equatorias, Human Rights Watch South Sudan - South Sudan - Sudanese independence and civil war: Although Azharī had campaigned to unite the Sudan with Egypt, the fighting in the southern Sudan and the responsibilities of political power and authority ultimately led him to disown his campaign promises. Oil-rich South Sudan is struggling to increase production of crude several months after the end of its civil war, and the political upheaval in neighboring Sudan is in part to blame. Since reprioritizing protection, the UN Mission in the Republic of South Sudan has faced extreme challenges due to the deterioration of the security situation and its complex relationship with the government of the Republic of South Sudan. South Sudan War - Dailymotion www.dailymotion.com. February 16, 2018, The Struggle to Survive South Sudan's Hunger Season, Stefanie Glinski In the midst of chaos, Kiir announced that Machar had attempted a coup and violence spread quickly to Jonglei, Upper Nile, and Unity states. Associated Press October 25, 2017, UN, U.S. Failed to Prevent ‘Ethnic Cleansing’ in South Sudan, Justin Lynch South Sudan is the world's newest nation, in the centre of Africa bordered by six countries. Since the outbreak of conflict, armed groups have targeted civilians along ethnic lines, committed rape and sexual violence, destroyed property and looted villages, and recruited children into their ranks. The war resulted in the independence of South Sudan six years after the war ended. Adam Day and Charles T. Hunt Will South Sudan Make a November Deadline to Form a Unity Government? Though largely taking a back seat in mediation efforts run by IGAD and neighboring countries, the United States and its international partners have an interest in ensuring a lasting settlement to the conflict in South Sudan, addressing the humanitarian crisis caused by the war, and preventing destabilizing regional spillover. A second Sudanese civil war soon developed and ended with the Comprehensive Peace Agreement of 2005. July 24, 2018, Salvaging South Sudan’s Sovereignty (and Ending its Civil War), Kate Almquist Knopf and Payton Knopf In 1983, after a decade-long pause in the Sudanese civil war between the north and south, conflict broke out again. The conflicts between what is now Sudan and South Sudan are often understood through their historical roots: centuries of exploitation and slave-raiding by the "Arab" north against the "African" south, followed by Britain and Egypt's imperialist meddling. This agreement was followed by a peace agreement to end the civil war signed by the government and Machar’s opposition party, along with several other rebel factions. South Sudan became an independent state on 9 July 2011 at midnight local time, after a referendum held in January 2011. July 28, 2015, Enhancing U.S. Support for Peace Operations in Africa, Paul D. Williams Narratives of conflict in Africa often become morality tales of good versus evil, identifying heroes and villains, victims and saviours, and ultimately the comforting prospect of a peaceful ever-after. May 15, 2019, International Crisis Group You do not currently have access to this article. WhatsApp. March 13, 2019, In South Sudan, a ‘War on Civilians’ Despite Six Months of Supposed Peace, Sam Mednick United States Institute of Peace After almost five years of civil war in South Sudan, Kiir and Machar participated in negotiations mediated by Uganda and Sudan in June 2018. Models for Negotiating an Exit Plan for Entrenched Leadership in South Sudan, Informal armies: community defence groups in South Sudan’s civil war, Weapons of Mass Corruption: How corruption in South Sudan’s military undermines the world’s newest country. CFR Council Special Report Here are the Critical Next Steps, Matthew Hauenstein and Madhav Joshi It lasted for 22 years and is one of the longest civil wars on record. December 2016, Under Fire: The July 2016 Violence in Juba and the UN Response, Center for Civilians in Conflict It furthers the University's objective of excellence in research, scholarship, and education by publishing worldwide, This PDF is available to Subscribers Only. By Emmanuel Igunza BBC Africa, Addis Ababa For permissions, please e-mail: journals. Don't already have an Oxford Academic account? Soon after his return, violence broke out between government forces and opposition factions, once more displacing tens of thousands of people. After almost five years of civil war in South Sudan, Kiir and Machar participated in negotiations mediated by Uganda and Sudan in June 2018. Task Force Program, About Although it originated in southern Sudan, the civil war spread to the Nuba mountains and the Blue Nile. In 2017 and 2018, a series of cease-fires were negotiated and subsequently violated between the two sides and other factions. South Sudan gained independence in July 2011 but descended into conflict roughly two-and-a-half years later, following irreconcilable tensions between President Salva Kiir and his deputy, Riek Machar. New York Times World Politics Review October 12, 2016, Obi Anyadike & International Institutions, Europe October 4, 2016, UN panel blames South Sudan leaders for Juba violence, South Sudan: politics, protection and peacekeeping, Lisa Sharland October 12, 2016, Failing South Sudan: First as Tragedy, Then as Farce, William Davidson World Politics Review Washington Post The embargo encompasses not only the supply of arms by EU member states, by their nationals, or on ships and aircraft flagged in their jurisdictions; but also the provision of technical advice and assistance relating to embargoed weapons, and financial assistance … January 29, 2016, U.S. Department of State IRIN South Sudan declared independence from Sudan in 2011, becoming the world’s newest country, with the backing of Western nations. The UN authorized the deployment of an additional four thousand peacekeepers as part of a regional protection force in 2016, although their arrival was delayed until August 2017. South Sudan was settled by many of its current ethnic groups during the 15th–19th centuries. IRIN IRIN However, reports of continued attacks and violations, coupled with the collapse of multiple previous peace deals, highlight concerns that the fragile peace may not hold. September 26, 2018, Political Splintering at the Root of Failing South Sudanese Peace Deals, Abigail Van Buren The world’s newest country has been ravaged by a ruinous civil war that has killed hundreds of thousands of people. Washington Post permissions@oup.com, This article is published and distributed under the terms of the Oxford University Press, Standard Journals Publication Model (https://academic.oup.com/journals/pages/open_access/funder_policies/chorus/standard_publication_model). May 19, 2017, Eight Months After Approval, New UN Troops Trickle Into South Sudan, Michelle Nichols Girls play in an internally displaced persons (IDP) camp outside the UN base in Malakal, South Sudan on July 24, 2014. 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