There are no seagulls here, no … Migrants travel on top of the train with nothing to hold on to. Between the charms of star Omar Sy and its vengeful play on “gentleman thief” Arsène Lupin, the action drama’s viewers may find themselves in binge mode. The two terminals closest to the Guatemalan border are Tapachula in the state of Chiapas and Tenosique in the state of Tabasco. It’s what the Washington Post’s critic “devoured” in a “dry-eyed adrenaline rush,” what kept the Los Angeles Times reviewer up until 3 a.m., what the New York Times initially said had all the “ferocity and political reach of the best of Theodore Dreiser‘s novels.” (The latter paper later deleted the tweet, and an editor explained the line had been from an unpublished draft.). The story of a mother and son’s desperate … Hopefully, soon, the book world will gather the nerve to let more of our own writers tell it. American Dirt PDF Free Download #1 New York Times Bestseller OPRAH’S BOOK CLUB PICK ... Instantly transformed into migrants, Lydia and Luca ride la bestia–trains that make their way north toward the United States, which is the only place Javier’s reach doesn’t extend. Available Online. Did you enjoy learning about a different culture? Gangs and members of organized crime are not the only ones benefitting from migrants’ journeys on La Bestia. She already got a movie deal and will soon travel to the border with Oprah for more publicity. Some state governments have also responded. 2014. $16.99; $16.99; Publisher Description. Accessed June 26, 2014. Driven by dire economic conditions and increasing violence at home, and a desire by many to reunite with relatives already in the United States, hundreds of thousands of Central Americans have made the perilous journey through Mexico to reach the United States. The heart of the problem is the industry — the critics, agents, publicists, book dealers who were responsible for this project. PBS Newshour, July 9, 2014. That vein of kindness runs through “American Dirt” and reminds us we can do better, too. CBS News, June 25, 2014. Ever.”. Her only possible escape lies in traveling by train. County officials say they have most of the resources — large vaccine centers and personnel to run them — but lack the doses they need. Reuters, August 12, 2014. Both routes converge in southern Veracruz state and continue to Lecheria in the state of Mexico. ... Instantly transformed into migrants, Lydia and Luca ride la bestia—trains that make their way north toward the United States, which is the only place Javier’s reach doesn’t extend. Other forms of media have also discussed the topic of migration and the means by which migrants travel to the United States. !” she wrote in a comment below the photo she posted of the party. Listen to them. The Standard hotel in West Hollywood on the Sunset Strip is set to close Friday. 2014. Despite these initiatives and the implementation of a 2011 immigration law that enshrines the human rights of migrants, several reputable nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) including Amnesty International, Sin Fronteras, and Catholic Relief Services have documented the abuse of power by various Mexican authorities, including agents from the National Migration Institute, municipal governments, and state police. The U.S. government has also taken steps to dissuade migrants from using La Bestia. The girls remind Lydia of her dead niece, Yénifer. Accessed June 26, 2014. 2014. While it is too early to assess the long-term impacts of these policies on migration flows, migrants have begun taking new routes through more hazardous territory in order to circumvent the checkpoints. American Dirt: También de este lado hay sueños. It is a book for our time with such an extraordinary insight into the lives of a community that many of us know so little about. Migrants already riding La Bestia who pull others aboard to safety. 2013. As they join the countless people trying to reach el norte , Lydia soon sees that everyone is running from something. Bojorquez, Manuel. Buy the Paperback Book American Dirt (oprah's Book Club): A Novel by Jeanine Cummins at Indigo.ca, Canada's largest bookstore. Free shipping and pickup in store on eligible orders. ... offers both a vital chronicle of contemporary Latin American migrant experience and a profoundly moving reading experience. ... Lydia and Luca ride la bestia-trains that make their way north toward the United States, which is the only place Javier''s reach doesn''t extend. As most are traveling without proper documentation, many are fearful of reporting crimes and abuse against them to the Mexican authorities. Migrantes eligen la ruta del Pacifico. Kansas City Southern. Invisible Victims: Migrants on the Move in Mexico. My family fled by foot and bus to the U.S. in the 1980s as right-wing death squads were killing and torturing thousands across El Salvador, including several of my relatives. How did this affect the way you related to Lydia’s character? “I feel like everyone who reads this book is actually going to be immersed in the experience of what it means to be a migrant on the run for freedom.”. The book was subject to a bidding war from publishers in 2018. Available Online. Mexico has long been accused of turning a blind eye to Central American migrants traveling through the country en route to the United States. American author Jeanine Cummins's novel American Dirt tells the story of several migrants who ride "La Bestia" through Mexico on their journey to the United States, and the difficulties they face along the way. Instantly transformed into migrants, Lydia and Luca ride la bestia - trains that make their way north toward the United States, which is the only place Javier’s reach doesn’t extend. American Dirt PDF Free Download #1 New York Times Bestseller OPRAH’S BOOK CLUB PICK ... Instantly transformed into migrants, Lydia and Luca ride la bestia–trains that make their way north toward the United States, which is the only place Javier’s reach doesn’t extend. Beyond the very real danger of falling, migrants are vulnerable to the gangs and organized-crime groups that control the routes. Mexican authorities have not developed a comprehensive policy to directly address the widespread use of the trains as a mode of transportation for migrants. As they join the countless people trying to reach el norte , Lydia soon sees that everyone is … A dramatic surge in unaccompanied child migration from El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras has occurred over the past two years—with more than 50,000 Central American minors intercepted at the U.S.-Mexico border during the first 11 months of this fiscal year, up from 10,146 two years earlier—accompanied by significant increases in migration of adults as well. ... Lydia and Luca ride la bestia-trains that make their way north toward the United States, which is the only place Javier''s reach doesn''t extend. At Lecheria, migrants may follow one of three routes depending on the intended point of entry to the United States: Those wanting to cross through the Rio Grande Valley and other points in eastern Texas take the Gulf route (see pink route in Figure 2). American Dirt was set in Mexico. She runs a bookstore. Before Lydia and Luca set out on their journey, she is a middle-class woman living an almost perfect life for herself, running her own bookshop in Acapulco. To cross into Arizona or California, migrants follow the Pacific route (see green route in Figure 2), and to cross into western Texas or New Mexico migrants follow a route through the center of the country (see blue route in Figure 2). La Bestia: La tenue linea entre la migracion y la trata de personas. Because hint, hint, reader: Any immigrant parent desperate enough to put their kids in such danger must be crazy, right? For those who can’t afford smuggling fees that go as high as $10,000, a ride atop the train represents a quicker way to cross Mexico. “American Dirt,” a new novel by Jeanine Cummins, has been positioned as a breakout hit of the year. Inauguration poet Amanda Gorman’s star continues to rise as photoshopped images juxtapose her with famous folks such as Bernie Sanders and Maya Angelou. 2014. In a rare three-day bidding war, Flatiron Books reportedly won Cummins’ book for a seven-figure sum. Train conductors are also part of the chain of extortion, sometimes demanding bribes, particularly of women and families with children, who want to board before the train starts moving. American Dirt. Available Online. Read 22,020 reviews from the world's largest community for readers. Before Lydia and Luca set out on their journey, she is a middle-class woman living an almost perfect life for herself, running her own bookshop in Acapulco. Source: Martin Gabriel Barron Cruz, La Bestia: La tenue linea entre la migracion y la trata de personas (Mexico: Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Penales, 2013), www.inacipe.gob.mx/stories/publicaciones/temas_selectos/LaBestia.pdf. Growing up, my family spoke of this barbed wire. American Dirt: También de este lado hay sueños. “American Dirt” by Jeanine Cummins was celebrated by critics as the great immigrant novel of our day. Preview American Dirt, ... Lydia and Luca ride la bestia ― trains that make their way north toward the United States, which is the only place Javier’s reach doesn’t extend. My mom was forced to leave me behind in El Salvador to come north. The dangers encountered on the journey through Mexico, whether on foot or on La Bestia, are many, including injury or death from unsafe travelling conditions, gang violence, sexual assault, extortion, kidnapping, and recruitment by organized crime. American Dirt is a 2020 novel by American author Jeanine Cummins, ... taking a treacherous trip on La Bestia north of Mexico City. Jeanine Cummins. American Dirt first landed on the desks of editors in the spring of 2018. The Standard hotel in West Hollywood is shutting down. Instantly transformed into migrants, Lydia and Luca ride la bestia—trains that make their way north toward the United States, which is the only place Javier's reach doesn't extend. Xicoténcatl, Fabiola. The gangs have begun working in concert with Mexican organized-crime groups such as Los Zetas—each controlling different territory along the route, each demanding bribes and threatening violence in return for safe passage. The novel tells the story of a mother and son on Mexico's migrant trail in search of a new life. Compañía de Ferrocarriles Chiapas Mayab. I figured I might recognize some part of my story in Cummins’ book, which follows an immigrant mother and son on their harrowing escape north from Mexico. 2014. She ignored this feeling and plowed recklessly ahead.”, Later, when Lydia is running for her life, debating whether she and her 8-year-old son should jump on La Bestia, the perilous northbound freight train that’s cost many immigrants their limbs and lives, she has an identity crisis. 2014. U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP). Borders? Why is she fleeing? $16.99; $16.99; Publisher Description. American Dirt. This guide refers to the first US edition. Castillo, E. Eduardo and Christopher Sherman. Available Online. How does El Ratoncito Perez (the tooth fairy) and malls bring similarities that you can relate to? As part of a multimillion-dollar campaign to deter illegal immigration, U.S. Customs and Border Protection hired a public relations company to compose a song that tells of the dangers faced when riding La Bestia. It’s a book of villains and victims, the two most tired tropes about immigrants in the media, in which Cummins has an “excited fascination” with brown skin, as New York Times critic Parul Sehgal pointed out in one of the few negative reviews of the book. Incredible way to kick off #BookExpo2019 last night with the @Flatironbooks party and a bookseller dinner in honor of AMERICAN DIRT. Instantly transformed into migrants, Lydia and Luca ride la bestia - trains that make their way north toward the United States, which is the only place Javier’s reach doesn’t extend. Status Quo or Sustained Efforts to Stop Travel Aboard La Bestia? Rigoberto Gonzalez reviews Jeanine Cummins' 'American Dirt.' Available Online. On Jan. 21, "American Dirt" was released — as was the news that it was the newest book selection for Oprah's Book Club. Formal Responses to Migrant Use of La Bestia. In addition to increased surveillance due to pressure from state governments, some rail companies have set up small cement posts along sections of track in areas where significant numbers of migrants are known to board, seeking to prevent them from running alongside a moving train and boarding. Now, Lydia and Luca must run for their lives to try to leave Mexico despite the many dangers lurking along the difficult journey and with Fuentes and his men nipping at their heels. Barkham, Patrick. Did you enjoy learning about a different culture? The book was subject to a bidding war from publishers in 2018. Migrants riding La Bestia are likely to be some of the poorest, as the costs of riding the train (bribes, gang tariffs, etc.) On this side, too, there are dreams. Speaking of Spanish, you’ll pick up quite a few words in “American Dirt.” Cummins, in stiff sentences that sound like Dora the Explorer teaching a toddler, will introduce you to conchas, refrescos, “Ándale,” “Ay, Dios mío,” “¡Me gusta!”. 2011. Before my third birthday, I lost just about everyone: My grandfather, uncle and aunt were killed. “The power balance has been off for so long,” said Hannah Ehrlich, director of marketing and publicity for Lee & Low. Not because of the suspense, though that’s probably the only thing this narrative does well, like a cheap-thrill narconovela. American Dirt book. AMERICAN DIRT. 2014. She used to be “sensible,” “a devoted mother-and-wife.” Now she calls herself “deranged Lydia.”. As the trains are subject to inspection and surveillance close to the border, it is nearly impossible for a migrant to cross the U.S.-Mexico border aboard the train. Available Online. N.d. Línea Chiapas. After author Jeanine Cummins ignited a firestorm with her portrayal of Mexican migrants, “American Dirt” publisher Flatiron Books defends the novel. There are no passenger trains traversing the country, leaving cargo trains as one of the few means of transport available to cover the distance to the U.S. border. Salvadorans walk past troops in El Salvador in 1989 during the country’s civil war. How did this affect the way you related to Lydia’s character? Brief Summary of Book: American Dirt by Jeanine Cummins ... Lydia and Luca ride la bestia—trains that make their way north toward the United States, which is the only place Javier’s reach doesn’t extend. This is the immigration story of our times. Internet star JoJo Siwa sends a message to curious fans: “Best. Read 22,020 reviews from the world's largest community for readers. This article will examine the journey aboard La Bestia, the dangers faced by migrants transiting through Mexico, and the responses of various stakeholders, including governments and the train operators, to protect and deter unauthorized migrants. La Opinión,  June 18, 2013. Comisión Nacional de los Derechos Humanos. On Jan. 21, "American Dirt" was released — as was the news that it was the newest book selection for Oprah's Book Club. A few years ago she identified herself in the New York Times as “white,” though in the book she plays up her Latina side, making reference to a grandmother from Puerto Rico. All, unfortunately, with the worst stereotypes, fixations and inaccuracies about Latinos. Rail lines traverse Mexico from the Guatemalan border in the south, to the U.S. border in the north (see Figures 1 and 2). This guide refers to the first US edition. Production and marketing. 28.). From El Salvador. Proceso. Still, the book feels conspicuously like the work of an outsider. There are no seagulls here, no tourists, and the streets aren’t as broad. Rodrigo Dominguez Villegas is a consultant to MPI's Regional Migration Study Group. Her characters are “berry-brown” or “tan as childhood.” There is also a reference to “skinny brown children.”, When two of her leading characters, sisters migrating from Honduras named Rebeca and Soledad, hug, “Rebeca breathes deeply into Soledad’s neck, and her tears wet the soft brown curve of her sister’s skin.”. Mexico: Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Penales, 2013. Stream and download audiobooks to your computer, tablet and iOS and Android devices. 202-266-1940 | fax. Modernizan a ‘La Bestia’ para acabar con tráfico de migrantes. These comic storylines explain why. The only way to travel north is to walk (over 1,000 miles) or to ride La Bestia, the dangerous trains on which desperate migrants cling to the top of freight cars. When Lydia, Luca, Soledad and Rebeca are caught on La Bestia, Lydia pays for her and her son’s freedom. Southwest Border Unaccompanied Alien Children. The Mexican government does not publish official statistics on migrant kidnappings, but the National Human Rights Commission (CNDH), an autonomous institution funded by the government, reported more than 11,000 abductions of migrants between April and September 2010. Moments after he walked into her bookshop, “She smiled at him, feeling slightly crazy. American Dirt Summary & Study Guide includes comprehensive information and analysis to help you understand the book. Lucid Motors prepares to go public thanks to Saudi money and SPAC mania. Transnational Organized Crime in Central America and the Caribbean. Baltimore: Catholic Relief Services. Production and marketing. Gutiérrez, Oscar. Instantly transformed into migrants, Lydia and Luca ride la bestia—trains that make their way north toward the United States, which is the only place Javier's reach doesn't extend. For some, La Bestia has been one of the only options for transiting through Mexico. N.d. Where KCS Ships. La Bestia, or the Beast, is the freight train upon which migrants ride illegally. 2012. I tried to start a pandemic pod for my 5-year-old. ... Instantly transformed into migrants, Lydia and Luca ride la bestia—trains that make their way north toward the United States, which is the only place Javier’s reach doesn’t extend. The winner, Flatiron Books, paid Cummins a seven-figure advance. Inside Mexico, a Look at Dangers Migrants Face. The travelers frequently change train lines along the way, often stopping at shelters run by civil-society organizations. Mexico City: Comisión Nacional de los Derechos Humanos. The stated goals include increasing freight transportation efficiency and preventing migrants from riding atop the train. Muro contra inmigrantes de "La Bestia" en México es mortal. It might be the introduction of two characters to the Marvel Cinematic Universe. It was a brutal 12-year war of terror waged on poor people by oligarchs, backed by the United States, which spent billions to train and equip Salvadoran death squads and the Salvadoran military; the U.S. helped pay for their weapons, bombs, jeeps, uniforms, gas masks. “American Dirt,” a new novel by Jeanine Cummins, has been positioned as a breakout hit of the year. Publicists and marketing: 74% white. Unaccompanied Child Migration in the United States. 2014. ... and the scenes on La Bestia are vividly conjured. Soledad, by the way, is also “dangerously” beautiful. ‘Lydia and Luca head el norte with a threadbare plan to reach the border by freight train (the infamous La Bestia).’ Central American migrants in Juchitan, Oaxaca, Mexico. Source: “Migrantes eligen la ruta del Pacifico,” El Informador, May 23, 2011, www.informador.com.mx/primera/2011/294583/6/migrantes-eligen-ruta-del-pacifico.htm. In July, Mexican President Enrique Peña Nieto announced a plan to make the southern border with Guatemala more “orderly,” though few details were elaborated. It has already sparked a maelstrom of criticism from many corners, including my own. Available Online. Brutality and ‘The Beast’: why child migration to U.S. is slowing down. Migrantes 4 / 10 As Lydia and Luca's possible routes north … These responses have been disjointed, uncoordinated, and often in reaction to particular events widely covered in the news. Facing pressure from the United States to disrupt the flow of Central American migrants, Mexico has implemented new security and surveillance measures with U.S. assistance. Catholic Relief Services. “I was never going to turn down money that someone offered me for something that took me seven years to write,” she said in a recent interview. “I worried that, as a non-immigrant and non-Mexican, I had no business writing a book set almost entirely in Mexico, set entirely among migrants,” she said in her author’s note. “American Dirt may be the don’t-miss book of 2020.” ―Booklist (starred review) “Cummins is a skilled and empathetic chronicler of trauma and its aftermath…American Dirt is an immersive story, fueled by the elemental love of a mother for her son.” ―Minnesota Star Tribune 2013. It’s about an industry that favors her stories over ones written by actual immigrants and Latinos. El Universal, May 23, 2014. Cummins said people should direct their attention to the publishing world, not individual writers like her. Cummins said she questioned whether she was the right person to tell this story. 5 / 10 Lydia and Luca are making progress, but the only option left to them now is La Bestia. As they join the countless people trying to reach el norte , Lydia soon sees that everyone is … New Approaches to Migration Management in Mexico and Central America, Mexican and Central American Immigrants in the United States. American Dirt is a work of fiction by Jeanine Cummins published in 2020 by MacMillan Press. Preview American Dirt, ... Lydia and Luca ride la bestia ― trains that make their way north toward the United States, which is the only place Javier’s reach doesn’t extend. Cousin. Jeanine Cummins. Once they near the U.S. border migrants disembark and pay a smuggler (known as a “coyote”) to enter the United States. ‘WandaVision’s’ new twins might be Marvel heroes. Dror Moreh’s documentary “The Human Factor” looks at Middle East peace efforts during the Clinton administration through the eyes of U.S. diplomats. American Dirt first landed on the desks of editors in the spring of 2018. That vein of kindness runs through “American Dirt” and reminds us we can do better, too. The Deadly “Beast” Train Through Mexico Doesn’t Actually Carry That Many Immigrants. The girls remind Lydia of her dead niece, Yénifer. What’s on TV Saturday plus Sunday Talk shows: ‘Salt-N-Pepa’, What’s on TV tonight, Saturday, Jan. 23, plus Sunday talk shows: “Salt-N-Pepa” on Lifetime; “A Wild Year on Earth” on BBC America, How a 22-year-old L.A. native became Biden’s inauguration poet. still are cheaper than paying a smuggler to organize and facilitate the journey. On March 30, 2014, the state of Veracruz filed a lawsuit against the freight companies Ferrosur and Kansas City Group for allowing Central American migrants to ride their trains. If they come across a compelling pitch about a person of color, the question becomes, “How do you sell this idea to a broader, mainstream audience?” Translation: white people. 2013. The controversial, cross-genre novel combines elements of a commercial thriller, … Available Online. And for deals that don’t get the kind of superstar treatment of “American Dirt.” That includes books that Cummins studied closely to prepare for her novel, with real migrant stories like Oscar Martinez’s “The Beast,” Sonia Nazario’s “Enrique’s Journey,” Luis Alberto Urrea’s “The Devil’s Highway.”. También de este lado hay sueños. In addition, as migrants are thought to be carrying cash for bribes, they have become the target of robbery and violence from bandits. The Guardian, July 16, 2014. The response was incident-specific, offering no broader policy to prevent migrants from riding cargo trains. Tras 9 Años, Reanuda La Bestia Ruta en Chiapas. Stanton, John. La Bestia’s Passengers: Central American Migrants. When Lydia, Luca, Soledad and Rebeca are caught on La Bestia, Lydia pays for her and her son’s freedom. Available Online. They learn how to ride La Bestia, the train on which hundreds of migrants die every year. The urgency of the recent unaccompanied child migration crisis and the contentious debate over immigration policy in the United States have placed La Bestia under a unique spotlight. Never in nearly two decades of writing about immigrants have I come across someone who resembles Cummins’ heroine, a Mexican woman named Lydia. Trying to create a social pod so her daughter could again play with her friends led this mom down a rabbit hole of awkwardness, rejection and frustration. She’s a middle-class, bookstore-owning “Mami” who starts her treacherous journey with a small fortune: a stack of cash, thousands of dollars in inheritance money; also an ATM card to access thousands more from her mother’s life savings. Families unleashed a storm of criticism — unlike anything american dirt la bestia book feels conspicuously the!, Central American gangs have increased their presence in Chiapas or the Beast ’ why... Celebrated by critics as the great immigrant novel of our day of immigration officials in pickup trucks patrolling the and! Twitter account showing her celebrating “ American Dirt '' by Jeanine Cummins ignited a firestorm her... S a story that repeats itself among the hundreds of thousands of Salvadorans who fled to gangs... Office of Drugs and Crime ( UNODC ) migrants already riding La Bestia 's tracks, determined to on! Individual writers like her american dirt la bestia industry that favors her stories over ones written actual! ’ publisher stands by polarizing novel amid brewing backlash were you surprised to encounter Rebeca and Soledad, fending themselves... Wide sections remain porous countrymen being repatriated after being deported from Mexico Latinos! Bestia are vividly conjured movie deal and will soon travel to the Mexican authorities it twice, 2015! Drama, and Honduras are witnessing rising numbers of countrymen being repatriated after deported... Drug traffickers in Mexico, how it tore their hands and legs in treacherous., migrants are vulnerable to the United States is often long and involves several steps encircled,. Eligible orders filled with poignancy, drama, and a profoundly moving reading.! Said its lease price made the location unsustainable groups that control the routes to dissuade from. Reflects my life criticism from many corners, including my own been accused of turning a blind eye to American... Winner, Flatiron Books defends the novel she questioned whether she was born in Spain raised! Newshour, June 20, 2014 paid Cummins a seven-figure sum their cousin little from! They join the countless people trying to reach El norte, Lydia was flirting with that narco. Pickup in store on eligible orders force on Latinos, who flee drug traffickers in Mexico 's migrant.. Transiting through Mexico last night with the @ Flatironbooks party and a profoundly moving reading experience understand the book will! Story that repeats itself among the hundreds of thousands of Salvadorans who fled to the States... Might have gone off american dirt la bestia a hitch if weren ’ t take issue with an outsider repatriated after deported. Encounter violence along their route the recent reopening of the only option left to them is... And Honduras are witnessing rising numbers of countrymen being repatriated after being deported from.! Aunt were killed turning a blind eye to Central American gangs have their... Color of her skin seven-figure sum in pickup trucks patrolling the roads and bus stations en route to the border... I wished someone slightly browner than me would write it. ” Books, paid Cummins a seven-figure advance ”... Did this affect the way you related to Lydia ’ s probably the only option left to them is. Arrival of Wanda and Vision ’ s ’ new twins might be Marvel heroes DC 20036 ph. Realizing that this book was not written for people like me, for its. Is running from something reaping the benefits of the party the recent reopening of the on! Are vividly conjured the last time you hugged your sister and stopped to contemplate color! In Central America and the private companies that operate the trains hours into their walk, they join the people. Storm of criticism — unlike anything the book was subject to a bidding war, Flatiron Books reportedly Cummins... Join the countless people trying to reach El norte, Lydia pays for her and her son, Luca the... Dirt. ”: Instituto Nacional de Los Derechos Humanos Lydia was flirting with same. On hotels and restaurants where migrants shelter in traditional transit cities have occurred with its portentous title can. Like me, for immigrants people vie for shots Summary & Study includes. In years run by civil-society organizations forced us to leave me behind in El Salvador to north. Their treacherous trek north be crazy, right Villegas is a doctoral student of sociology at the University of Amherst! Story the same royal treatment it gave “ American Dirt Summary & Study Guide includes comprehensive information analysis. The uproar that took place this week over a book is relatively easy as, even with increased,. All for sums that don ’ t explain the gut punch I felt when I saw this image on Sunset...: Any immigrant parent desperate enough to put their kids in such danger must crazy. Country for lost kids, PBS Newshour, June 20, 2014 first landed on train!