Unfortunately, gaps in the historical record mean that few details survive about Xochiquetzals’s cult. Xochiquetzal was a female fertility goddess. Thus, they linked a goddess of desire to the Virgin Mary. Xochiquetzal was also the patroness of weaving. Her twin was not the only god Xochiquetzal was romantically connected to, however. Xochiquetzal is the Aztec Goddess of flowers and the creative arts. The connection between the moon and a fertility goddess is common across many ancient cultures. Because Christianity was monotheistic, they recast the gods of Ireland, Eastern Europe, and other regions as saints, angels, and demons. Xochiquetzal was the protector of prostitutes, and she oversaw women’s crafts such as weaving and embroidery. For example, she is closely linked to Tezcatlipoca, the god of the night sky. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/topic/Xochiquetzal, Aztecs at Mexicolore - Goddess of the Month: Xochiquetzal. Legend says that Juan Diego, a Catholic convert who worked at a Franciscan monastery, was fetching water from a spring to take to his family, who had fallen ill during an epidemic. Originally the wife of Tlaloc, the rain god, she was The Aztec pantheon had many goddesses who were associated with fertility. Unlike most, however, she was shown as young and beautiful and was thus linked to desire and attraction as well as procreation. She's often shown wearing gold jewelry and a crown of flowers. 3518 . While the identity of this baby is unknown, some myths suggest that she may have been regarded, at least in some areas, as the mother of Quetzalcoatl or another sun god. Someti… Weaving also played a role in the sacrifices made in Xochiquetzal’s honor. They took their interpretation of the Aztec goddess from one of her alternative names, Ichpochtli, meaning “maiden.”. In this way she is related to the Ahuiateteo and excess. Xochiquetzal’s name incorporates the word xochitl, or “flower.” Flowers were, in fact, central to her imagery. Like many other cultures, the Aztecs drew parallels between flowers and the clitoris or vulva. She is commonly associated with such beautiful things as flowers, plants, song and dance, which is quite distinct from the majority of Aztec gods, as they are normally associated with warfare and sacrifice. My name is Mike and for as long as I can remember (too long!) Tlaloc – The god of rain was one of the most widely venerated among the Aztecs and related cultures. Myth has it that Xochiquetzal was a creator of humans as well as intermediary between them and the gods. A wooden statue of the Virgin of Ocotlán remains the focal point of the local church. Representations of a rain god wearing a peculiar mask, with large round eyes and long fangs, date at least to the Teotihuacán culture of the highlands (3rd to 8th century ad). This further connected it to the idea of pregnancy and, thus, childbirth and femininity. My work has also been published on Buzzfeed and most recently in Time magazine. Xochitl, meaning ‘flower’, is the day in the Aztec calendar associate with the goddess Xochiquetzal. Water and the moon were closely linked in ancient Mesoamerican religions because the moon influenced the tides. Many of Xochiquetzal’s attributes and myths were likely taken from the Mayan religion. The sun goddess cried for fifty-two years. According to most surviving accounts, Xochiquetzal had already been married at least once before she married Tlaloc, the god of water and rain. In the Aztec religion, Chalchiuhtlicue was the goddess of water, but she was also the only... Coatlicue was a mother goddess, but that does not mean that she seemed loving and nurturing.... Chalchiuhtlicue: The Aztec Goddess of Water. According to some legends, her tears flowed so … Corrections? They associated local gods and goddesses with figures from the Christian faith. Alongside Ixtlilton, Xochipilli, and Xipe Totec, Xochiquetzal would seal the Black Tezcatlipoca to buy time for the wielder of the Blue Tezcatlipocato be found. Eloise Quiñones Keber (2000). Xochiquetzal was also a patroness of weavers. Feeling drawn to a particularly fat tree, the friars broke it open. The roundness also linked her to the moon, along with some details of her myths. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. In artistic renderings, Xochiquetzal was usually adorned with flowers and shown wearing rich garments. She watches over artists while they work. Most fertility goddesses in Mesoamerican cultures were shown as matrons. Unlike most, however, she was shown as young and beautiful and was thus linked to desire and attraction as well as procreation. Because part of her had been used to ensure that future generations of human children would be born, she had a vested interest in the process. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Perhaps the most popular of these goddesses, however, was Xochiquetzal. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Piltzintecuhtli – He was the god of the sunrise, healing, and hallucinogenic drugs. Xochiquetzal is Flower Feather, the ever young and pretty goddess of flowers, love, pleasure and beauty. Xochiquetzal is the inventor of artistic crafts. Like many aspects of her iconography, this also emphasized her high status. 946 19 183. Xochiquetzal originated as a Mayan goddess of love and beauty. Xochiquetzal represents the sexual power of young women. According to Aztec mythology, she came from Tamoanchán, the verdant paradise of the west. In particular, Tlaloc and Texcatlipoca vied over marriage to her. Xochiquetzal is less directly connected to the moon in surviving myths and images, but some remnants of the belief can still be seen in surviving legends. Because of this, Xochiquetzal was the ancestress of all people on earth. To promote their own religion, the Spanish missionaries turned to one of the tactics that had been used in the Roman Empire and the early medieval era in their own homeland. She continued to evolve, however, into an image of the mother of Christ in the Catholic faith. He kidnapped Xochiquetzal and forced her to marry him instead. While Xochiquetzal was a goddess of sexual desire and love, Spanish missionaries were drawn to the way in which she was portrayed. Marigolds are sacred to her. Xochitl is a day for creating things that speak truth to the heart. Casa Xochiquetzal, named after the Aztec goddess of beauty and sexual love, opened its doors in 2006 for those whose stories are linked by violence and abuse, damage and loss His characteristic features were strikingly similar to Without another woman, the human race would die out, so the gods looked for a way to create a bride for Pilcetecli. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. She was also shown with rich clothing, jewelry, and other finery. To the Jesuit and Franciscan missionaries, however, “maiden” had implications of chastity and virtue. The goddess of desire was likened to the mother of god, a comparison that is still seen in Mexican representations of the Virgin Mary to this day. Most Aztec gods and goddesses had a similar origin. In Aztec culture, this name had referred only to her age. -Susan Milbrath, In Chalchihuitl in Quetzalli: Mesoamerican studies in honor of Doris Heyden, ed. Tlaloc took up this challenge and journeyed to Tezcatlipoca’s home to rescue his wife. Anthropologist Hugo Nutini identifies her with the Virgin of Ocotlan in his article on patron saints in Tlaxcala. The priests believed his account because he was a faithful altar server in their church. Pilcetecli’s marriage to this woman was the first to take place. Her sacrifices were made during the festival of Hueypachtli, which was held in honor of the god Tlaloc. She also protected young women during pregnancy, childbirth, and motherhood. The Romans had done the same by drawing parallels between their own pantheon and those of the Germanic tribes. She was associated with pleasure and attraction in addition to, or perhaps more than, motherhood and the creation of a family. A young woman would be dressed as Xochiquetzal before being beheaded and flayed. Xochiquetzal: An Aztec Goddess of Beauty. While her exact function as a moon goddess is unknown, most historians believe that she played a role in the lunar cycle. The clothing and jewelry she was shown with were so luxurious that Xochiquetzal became the patroness of such items. The goddess of the moon moves swiftly across the sky…seemingly visiting different planetary lovers along the way, before returning to stay with her solar husband for several days each month. As one of the world’s creators, however, he forbade Xochiquetzal from returning to the realm of mankind. Among all of these, Xochiquetzal was the only one to be shown as a young woman. Many images show Xochiquetzal holding or nursing a child. He was also a god of love, although he was specifically associated with homosexuality and prostitution rather than fertility. They went to the stream that night and found a fire that burned brightly but did not consume the trees. Xochiquetzal Xochiquetzal was a goddess associated with concepts of fertility, beauty, and female sexual power, serving as a protector of young mothers and a patroness of pregnancy, childbirth, and the crafts practised by women such as weaving and embroidery. Celebrate Xochiquetzal Aztec Goddess of Love, Beauty, Flowers and Household Arts Wednesday, July 31, 2019, 7:30 p.m. New Moon in Leo Concord Locale, directions given upon RSVP $30 per ritual/$15 first time visit . The use of her hair in creating women, for example, is probably tied to the fact that the Mayan Goddess I’s pictographic representation is a lock of hair. However tenuous these links were, they provided a way for missionaries to make their religion feel familiar to the Mexican people. In surviving myths, Xochiquetzal is romantically linked to many gods. It also influenced women’s menstrual cycles and fertilized the land, giving it important connections to goddesses of fertility and motherhood. One of Xochiquetzal’s most defining attributes was a large, often exaggerated, nose piercing. As a weaver worked, her spindle gradually became more round and full as more thread was added to it. I have been in love with all things related to Mythology. Originally the wife of Tlaloc, the rain god, she was abducted for her beauty by Tezcatlipoca, the malevolent god of night, who enthroned her as goddess of love. All that is known of her family is that she was the twin sister of Xochipilli. Xochiquetzal is a Goddess of love, beauty, sex, fertility and protector of women and mothers, pregnancy and the crafts of women such as weaving. Ancient Origins - Xochiquetzal: Aztec Goddess of Beauty, Pleasure and Love… But Don’t Mess With Her! 1161 + Follow - Unfollow Posted on: Jun 24, 2020 . As part of the Roman Empire, Spain had been introduced to Christianity early in that religion’s history. According to Aztec legend, the world was created by four gods. Take a quick interactive quiz on the concepts in The Goddess Xochiquetzal in Aztec Mythology or print the worksheet to practice offline. It is a day to remember that life is short, and to reflect. There, she would meet with Ichabod's and Calamity'sadoptive mother and ask her for help. Tlaloc, whose festival included her rites, was the god of water. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. Xochiquetzal’s brother was also said to be her first lover. Tlaloc was successful and Tezcatlipoca was forced to let Xochiquetzal return to him. Xochiquetzal was renowned as the most beautiful of all the Aztec Gods. Leave a comment I’ve put this off far too long, with so much else going on in my life, but I wanted to at least get a short bit in, so here’s a quick biography of Xochiquetzal, an Aztec goddess similar to Aphrodite, with a touch of Hera and Athena. She also wore a large number of bracelets and necklaces. Tezcatlipoca, however, was jealous of Tlaloc’s beautiful wife. Some time before she would meet Ixtlilton and Xochipil… - Aztec Goddess Xochiquetzal - Goddess of fertility. Most religions thought of the moon as feminine and connected to intimacy at night. Similar to Tlazoltéotl, who represented sexual excess and child birth, both goddesses were confessors to their worshippers and presided over ritual cleansings. Xochiquetzal was the Aztec goddess of beauty, love, pleasure, and flowers. They made crops grow and brought life to both people and the earth. Chalchiuhtlicue was a sensitive goddess and this accusation hurt her greatly. Like Xochiquetzal, she was a young fertility goddess associated with weaving and childbirth. According to some historians, the moon’s movement across the sky provides another link to the mythology of Xochiquetzal. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). She is a patron of artists. Many anthropologists believe that Xochiquetzal evolved from a Mayan deity known only as Goddess I. When the Spanish conquistadors arrived in the Americas, one of their missions was to convert the “heathen” natives to their own religion. Pasztory concluded that the figures represented a vegetation and fertility goddess that was a predecessor of the much later Aztec goddess Xochiquetzal. She presides over menstruation, conception, pregnancy, and childbirth. Xochiquetzal was reunited with Tlaloc but could never go to earth. Loves Games, loves Dance, but mostly loves Love. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Xochiquetzal was a goddess associated with concepts of fertility, beauty, and female sexual power, serving as a protector of young mothers and a patroness of pregnancy, childbirth, and the crafts practised by women such as weaving and embroidery. The Spanish drew from this tradition in the New World, finding parallels between Aztec gods and figures from the Christian tradition. Tezcatlipoca, Quetzalcoatl, Xipe Totec, and Huitzilopochtli worked together to create the earth and the first man and woman to live there. Instead, she was confined to the gods’ land of origin, Tamoanchan, which bloomed with flowers but was otherwise cold and desolate. Weaving was a traditionally feminine pursuit in most ancient cultures, so it was not uncommon for a goddess of fertility and family to be associated with that artform. Unlike most other Aztec gods, there is no surviving account of Xochiquetzal’s origins. Xochiquetzal, (Nahuatl: “Precious Feather Flower”) Aztec goddess of beauty, sexual love, and household arts, who is also associated with flowers and plants. I am the owner and chief researcher at this site. She was also shown with rich clothing, jewelry, and other finery. The Aztec pantheon included many goddesses who were connected to fertility and beauty. Omissions? While many of her myths have been lost, enough remains to show that Xochiquetzal was a powerful and complex goddess. This man and woman had a son named Pilcetecli. All women inherited their beauty and desirability from her. This also made Xochiquetzal the patroness of childbirth. It is a day to remember that life is short, and to reflect. Xochiquetzal is the goddess of youth, love, pleasure and beauty. In the 16th century, however, the people of Mesoamerica were brought into contact with a much different religious tradition. This made her a patroness of craftsmen and artisans who created the expensive items valued by the upper class. There they found a statue in the likeness of the Virgin Mary. In 1983, Karl Taube termed this goddess the "Teotihuacan Spider Woman". According to the Aztecs, Xochiquetzal was the goddess of beauty, pleasure, and love. She was thought to not only have dominion over the desire and love that created children, but to also watch over pregnant women and protect them in childbirth. Many historians directly link Xochiquetzal to the Virgin of Ocotlán. They used Xochiquetzal’s hair to fashion the second woman. Frequently referred to as a facet of the female divine goddess, Tonacacíhuatl, from whose womb the first four Aztec gods were born, Xochiquetzal witnessed the creation of gods and humans. Tlaloc, (Nahuatl: “He Who Makes Things Sprout”) Aztec rain god. She is known as the goddess of beauty, love, fertility, flowers, and vegetation She is also a patron of the arts, weaving, and prostitution. Xochiquetzal oversaw weaving and other household arts. A beautiful woman appeared to him and told him that the water would cure anyone who drank from it, so Juan Diego was able to save his entire village from the illness. Xochiquetzal - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Xochiquetzal - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). The gods described as her husband in various myths included: While Xochiquetzal was connected to many gods, the legend of her marriage to Tezcatlipoca is the most well-known. She was the Aztec goddess who promoted fertility for the sake of sexual pleasure. About 6 months ago . According to Aztec mythology, she came from Tamoanchán, the verdant paradise of the west. Although both Spanish armies and missionaries committed atrocities against the native people, they believed that they were saving souls by introducing Christianity. Because there were no other humans, however, Pilcetecli had no woman to marry. My entry for an official skin contest on PMC whose theme is 'Aztecs and Egyptians'. This was the name of the Aztec goddess of love, flowers and the earth, the twin sister of Xochipilli. In Aztec mythology, Xochiquetzal was one of many goddesses of fertility. Xochiquetzal - Aztec goddess of beauty Michiru. He was the patron of emperors and merchants as well as the god of time and the year. Xochipilli was the god of art, music, and dance. English: In Aztec mythology, Xochiquetzal, also called Ichpuchtli, was a goddess associated with concepts of fertility, beauty, and female sexual power, serving as a protector of young mothers and a patroness of pregnancy, childbirth, and the crafts practised by women such as weaving and embroidery. This was both because of the association with weaving and femininity and the symbolism of the round, growing spindle representing pregnancy. In Aztec culture, however, there was a specific symbolism behind Xochiquetzal’s patronage of weaving. In Aztec mythology, Xochiquetzal was one of many goddesses of fertility. Xochiquetzal is a Goddess of … 1161 + Follow - Unfollow 3px arm (Slim) Background Xochiquetzal - Aztec goddess of beauty Michiru. 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