It is approximately 600 kilometres (370 mi) from the national capital, New Delhi. It is largest populated District of the state and second largest in terms of population density and falls Jammu & Kashmir Population 2019 –14.5288 Million. Based on its annual growth rate, its population is estimated to be 15,173,264 in 2020. About two-thirds of the population adheres to Islam, a greater proportion than in any other Indian state; Hindus constitute most of the remaining third. DEMOGRAPHY OF JAMMU & KASHMIR: Jammu and Kashmir is the single Indian state with a more conspicuous Muslim population. Jammu city comes under Jammu Metropolitan area. During the 1947 Jammu massacres, which preceded and continued during the Pakistan tribal invasion of Kashmir, many Muslims were killed and the rest driven away to Pakistan. Hinduism is majority religion in Jammu city with 81.19 % followers. Hence, the population in Jammu in 2020 as per estimated data = 811,193.92. In summer, particularly in May and June, extremely intense sunlight or hot winds can raise the temperature to 46 °C (115 °F). It is also a focal point for the pilgrims going to Vaishno Devi and Kashmir valley as it is second last railway terminal in North India. As of 2011 census, the population of Jammu city was 502,197. Thus Jammu lost its supremacy over the surrounding country. If child sex ratio data of The new Jammu Tawi station was opened in October 1972 and is an origination point for Express trains. A 43 km long railway line connecting Jammu with Sialkot was laid in 1897[24]. In winter dense smog causes much inconvenience and temperature even drops to 2 °C (36 °F). As indicated by the 2011 rundown, Islam population is about 68%, while 28.4% have a place with Hinduism, Sikhism (1.5%), Buddhism (0.6%) and Christians (0.4%). There are five bridges on the river. As per provisional reports of Census India, the population of Jammu and Kashmir in 2011 is 12,267,013 (1.22 Crores) The size of population, the birth rate, the death rate, the longevity, migration pattern, literacy, education, status of women is the society, age at the time of marriage, general health of the […] In rural areas of Jammu district, sex ratio is 905 females per 1000 males. Tourism is the largest industry in Jammu city. Bari Brahmana , Barnayi, Bhore, Chak Gulami, Chak Jalu, Chak Kalu, Chanor, Chhani Beja, Chhani Kamala, Chhani Raaman, Chhatha, Chwadi, Deeli, Dharmal, Gadi Garh, Gangial, Gujrai, Hazuri Bagh, Jammu, Jammu, Kamini, Keran, Khanpur, Muthi, Nagrota, Narwal Bala, Raipur, Rakh Bahu, Rakh Gadi Garh, Rakh Raipur, Satwari, Setani, and Sunjawan. The city has JKSRTC city buses under and minibusses for local transport which run on some defined routes. Jammu city shares its borders with the neighbouring Samba district. Jammu Population - Census 2011 As per provisional reports of Census India, the population of Jammu City in 2011 is 5,02,197 (5.02 Lakhs) of which the male population is 2,63,141 and the female population is 2,39,056 The population of Jammu in 2020 is expected to be 797,901.6 + 13,292.32 = 811,193.92. Besides this auto-rickshaw and cycle-rickshaw service is also available. Jammu & Kashmir Population 2020 –14.71456 Million. Srinagar serves as the summer capital from May to October. The old railway link to Sialkot was suspended by Pakistan in September 1947, and Jammu had no rail services until 1971, when the Indian Railways laid the Pathankot-Jammu Tawi Broad Gauge line. Therefore, it has been seen that every year the population increases by 18,964. Jammu is the second most populous city of the union territory. Though the strength is low for a bigger city like Jammu with a population of over ten lakhs or so. In the Mughal chronicles of Babur in the early 16th century, Jammu is mentioned as a powerful state in the Punjab hills. The workforce of a region/state is closely controlled by a large number of demographic factors. Jammu is the winter capital of the Indian union territory of Jammu and Kashmir. [23], In 1818 Raja Kishore Singh Father of Raja Gulab Singh was appointed and anointed the ruler of Jammu Principality hence started the Jamwal Dynasty, aka Dogra dynasty, which came to rule the princely state of Jammu and Kashmir under British suzerainty. The sex ratio was 898 females per 1,000 males against the national average of 940. Males constituted 52.7% of the population; females numbered constituted 47.3% of the population. Jammu is the second most populous city of the union territory. Jammu city elections are held of every 5 years to elect representative of each ward. Jammu city is the main cultural and economic centre of the administrative division of Jammu. In the 2014–2015 General Budget of India, Arun Jaitley, the Finance Minister of India, proposed an Indian Institute of Technology and an Indian Institute of Management for the division. Brij Lal Dev, Ranjit Dev's successor, was defeated by the Sukerchakia chief Mahan Singh, who sacked Jammu and plundered it. (estimated). Known as the City of Temples for its ancient temples and Hindu shrines, Jammu is the most visited place in the union territory. (158) 25/09/2016 Maharaja Hari Singh became the ruler of the princely state Yes the Jammu city and the Jammu district had a significant Muslim population prior to the Partition of India. The killings were carried out by extremist Hindus and Sikhs, allegedly orchestrated by the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh, and aided and abetted by the state forces and the Maharaja Hari Singh. Bari Brahmana also has a freight rail link that helps carry the goods manufactured here to other parts of India. The city of Jammu, the winter capital of the state, is the epicentre of all socio-economic activities in the Jammu region. [39][40] Settlements of Rohingya Muslims have also raised security threats in Jammu. Muslim population in J&K has increased in every decade. Jammu and Kashmir - Jammu and Kashmir - People: The cultural, ethnic, and linguistic composition of Jammu and Kashmir varies across the state by region. Contents: Cities and Towns The population of all cities and towns in the Union … Jammu population is 550 thousand and is situated on the banks of the Tawi River. The rulers built large temples, renovated old shrines, built educational institutes and many more. Raja Bhim Dev is prominently mentioned in the Delhi chronicles as a supporter of Mubarah Shah (r. [32], The Jammu city and the Jammu district had a significant Muslim population prior to the Partition of India, 37 per cent by the 1941 census. The union territories also recorded a growth of 23.7% in its population beginning from year 2001 till 2011. Jammu city has a railway station called Jammu Tawi (station code JAT) that is connected with major cities of India. The total figure of population of urban population was 765,013 out of which 412,218 were males while remaining 352,795 were females. 1421–1434). Taking a look at the population of Jammu from the year 2012-16, it has been noticed that there has been an increase of 94,820 in the past 5 years. With effect from 5 September 2003, it has upgraded status of a municipal corporation.[28]. Pickles typical of Jammu are made of kasrod, girgle, mango with saunf, jimikand, tyaoo, seyoo, and potatoes. Jammu is the largest city in the Jammu Division and the winter capital of state of Jammu and Kashmir. The old railway link to Sialkot was broken after the Partition of India and Jammu had no rail services until 1971 Dogri food specialties include ambal, khatta meat, kulthein di dal, dal patt, maa da madra, rajma, and auriya. [16] Babbapura (modern Babor) is another state mentioned in Rajatarangini, some of whose rulers occur in the Vamshavali (family chronicles) of later Jammu rulers. The city spreads around the Tawi river with the old city overlooking it from the north (right bank) while the new neighbourhoods spread around the southern side (left bank) of the river. Rohingyas who fled Myanmar during 2016 have also currently settled in Jammu. To get to the actual figure in terms of the population of Jammu in 2019, the population of the last 5 years needs to be found out. Jammu District is spread over an area of 3097 Sq Kms and has a population of about 15.88 lakhs as per the estimates of 2001. [21], Towards the end of Ranjit Dev's rule, the Sikh clans of Punjab (misls) gained ascendency, and Jammu began to be contested by the Bhangi, Kanhaiya and Sukerchakia misls. These minibusses are called "Matadors". Jammu has historically been the capital of Jammu Province and the winter capital of the princely state of Jammu and Kashmir (1846–1952). After the partition of India, Jammu continues as the winter capital of the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. The city is built on a series of ridges. According to Tarikh-i-Azmi, Jammu came into existence around 900 CE. It is approximately 600 km away from the national capital, New Delhi and is linked with a National Highway, railway and airport. In Jammu city, Islam is followed by 7.95 %, Jainism by 0.33 %, Christinity by 8.83 % and Buddhism by 8.83 %. Jammu, like the rest of north-western India, features a humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cwa), with extreme summer highs reaching 46 °C (115 °F), and temperatures in the winter months occasionally falling below 4 °C (39 °F). The total Jammu district population living in rural areas is 764,945 of which males and females are 401,603 and 363,342 respectively. National Highway 1B connects Jammu with Poonch town. Jammu had an average literacy rate of 89.66%, much higher than the national average of 74.4%: male literacy was 93.13% and female literacy was 85.82%. Following the hot season, the monsoon lashes the city with heavy downpours along with thunderstorms; rainfall may total up to 669 mm (26.3 in) in the wettest months. In rural areas of Jammu, male population was 401,603 while female population was 363,342. It is said to have been ruled by Manhas Rajputs. According to the 2011 census, the total population of Jammu Division is 5,350,811 and Scheduled castes (Dalits) constitute 19.44 percent of it. It is part of the larger region of Kashmir, which has been the subject of dispute between India, Pakistan, and China since the partition of the subcontinent in 1947. All the routes leading to Kashmir, Poonch, Doda and Laddakh start from Jammu city. It is surrounded by the Shivalik range to the north, east, and southeast while the Trikuta Range surrounds it in the northwest. Jammu city serves as the winter capital of Jammu and Kashmir state from November to April when all the offices move from Srinagar to Jammu. [36] The displaced Muslims took refuge in the Sialkot District and other parts of Pakistani Punjab. It has direct flights to Srinagar, Delhi, Amritsar, Chandigarh, Leh and Mumbai and Bengaluru. Population Census 2001-03-01 Population Census 2011-03-01 Jammu & Kashmir Union Territory 7,656,000 9,907,161 12,267,013 Anantnag District 586,300 778,408 1,078,692 → Badgam District 466,700 607,181 753,745 → → ADVERTISEMENTS: Demographic Characteristics of the Jammu and Kashmir! In 2011, Jammu had population of 1,529,958 of which male and female were 813,821 and 716,137 respectively. While Scheduled tribes has 15 to 20 percent population in Jammu division and comprises Muslim Gurjar - Bakarwal and Hindu Gaddi - Sippi communities. The urban agglomeration of Jammu had a populatio… Jammu and Kashmir has two capitals namely Jammu, the winter capital and Sri Nagar, the summer capital. Jammu cuisine features various chaats, especially gol gappas, kachalu, Chole bhature, gulgule, rajma kulche and dahi palla, among various others. Jammu, the winter capital of the maharajas and second largest city in the territory, was traditionally the seat of Dogra power. 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