Register to receive personalised research and resources by email, The social impacts of mining on local communities in Australia, Telethon Kids Institute, Adelaide, SA, Australia, /doi/full/10.1080/10371656.2018.1443725?needAccess=true. Led by colleagues at the University of Queensland (UQ), the cluster’s research in this area has found that the success of technologies is no longer only about their technical efficiency but also their acceptability to the Australian public. Just consider this: it takes two grams of gold to make a wedding ring. After all, every Australian presumably has the right to spend their earnings wherever they please. RR5, Department of Civil Engineering, Monash University and Mineral Policy Institute. Although SIA is usually applied to planned interventions, the same techniques can be used to evaluate the social impact of unplanned events, for example, disasters, demographic change, and epidemics.SIA is important in applied … The analysis of the social impacts of mining is not a new area of academic interest and the Australian booming resource sector influenced a significant research interest in recent years. Unrefined materials are released when mineral deposits are exposed on the surface through mining. This process has created controversy in Australia and other places where it is used for coal seam gas resources, much of which is based on little or incomplete information about the process, its impacts and the risks to people and the environment. More often than not, when a transient workforce is involved they are unlikely to be spending their income in the regions where the minerals are being extracted. impact arising from uranium mining in Australia using the Ranger and Jabiluka mines as a case study. share of population participating in voluntary work for a group or an organisation within the community (35%) in comparison to other Western Australian (WA) mining communities (25% average for the State). While the economic impacts of mining have been thoroughly explored and social impacts recently have received growing attention, increasingly, mining developments are being required to consider how they affect local communities and implement strategies to minimise negative impacts … Businesses in the mining industry were least affected (38%) by reduced demand for goods and services, and only 17% of businesses (second lowest among all industries) had registered or intended to register for the JobKeeper Payment. Article Purchase Land has a fundamental social and economic importance to indigenous societies, one that can be disrupted and substantially transformed by mining operations. Impacts can result in erosion, sinkholes, loss of biodiversity, or the contamination of soil, groundwater, and surface water by the chemicals emitted from mining processes. Wind erosion and nearby vehicular traffic cause such materials to become airborne. So, what happens when mining comes to town, and what happens when it leaves? But how do we compensate those communities that bear most of the costs of living alongside mining activities? There may also be alternative sources for the commodities that we value and opportunities for new and creative mining business models. To learn about our use of cookies and how you can manage your cookie settings, please see our Cookie Policy. As Dr Damien Gircuo of the Institute of Sustainable Futures points out in a recent article in Dialogue, Australia is already a leader in services to mining, such as the development of software and automation technology. We need to get smarter and more creative in how we approach the business of mining, and what we export to the world. The cluster brings together researchers from five Australian universities and CSIRO to collaboratively explore large and complex future sustainability issues in the minerals industry across regional, national and global scales. The main perceived benefit of mining was the creation of jobs. Women often experience the negative impacts of mining more than men, and rarely receive the benefits that men do. Iron ore, which is used primarily to make steel for construction, has increased from around A$25 per metric tonne in 2004 to over A$140 per metric tonne today. What this means is that extraction and processing of minerals is becoming more challenging and creating more waste (Fig. Led by colleagues at Curtin University, Central Queensland University (CQU) and the Australian National University (ANU), the cluster has focused on developing an understanding of the resource development cycle and how this impacts on communities. The mining industry in Australia is significant in both scope and size, and it’s still growing. To gain access to all content online and receive your print copy in the mail you need to Subscribe. In the past, uranium mining in Australia has certainly delivered some poor environmental impacts. This only underscores the fact that our desire for precious metals and minerals has grown exponentially since we first started digging through the topsoil … Social impacts of mining at a local community level and the role of CSR for long-term sustainability. Benefits from income and employment are, instead, the main positive impacts identified in … Automation sounds like a good way of addressing current labour shortages in the mining industry, especially as mining operations continue to expand across Australia. At the same time, the mining industry is facing decreasing productivity as a result of declining ore grades and ore bodies that are increasingly remote and difficult to access. By closing this message, you are consenting to our use of cookies. Add to cart. Mining technology development in the future will benefit strongly from the inclusion of a broader set of voices in considering how technologies are designed and deployed. Cultural and Social Impacts of Gold From the first nugget found in a Bathurst Creek to the 370,000 immigrants who arrived in Australian during 1852, every step of the gold rush changed this nation. reduce water and energy use), improve the cost-efficiency of mining, and improve the safety of industry workers. The bulk of the studies focus on the pressure generated by mining on service provision, Social or environmental harm may lead to tangible and intangible costs to industry including reputational loss, costly retro-fitting and even the closure of an operation due to a loss of social licence. But is the expectation that mining wages will be spent locally a legitimate one? The key direct impact of mining on forest ecosystems is the removal of vegetation and canopy cover. Adapted from Mudd, G.M., 2009, The Sustainability of Mining in Australia: Key Production Trends and Their Environmental Implications for the Future. THE SOCIAL IMPACT OF MINING AND DEVELOPMENT 4.1. Get it right, and we set the nation up for decades to come.”. One focus of the cluster’s work has been the direct impacts of the extractive industries on local communities in mining regions around Australia, and how those regions transition through various stages of mining activity. One of the clear messages that has emerged thus far is the idea that Australia needs to develop a national minerals policy supported by a comprehensive set of mineral accounts that provides some transparency about resource stocks (both above and below the ground), along with some detailed analysis of the impacts of mining activities. Mining was considered to deliver positive benefits to regional and Indigenous communities. However, automation implies that some jobs currently based in mining regions will be lost to higher skilled positions located in capital cities and regional centres. Social and economic impact assessment is an important component of environmental planning and project approvals processes in Australia. In particular, the cluster has focused on examining what the future of mining in Australia might hold, how Australian regions are impacted by mining, and how technology influences the way mining is conducted and experienced by those around it. Oxfarm Australia recently said that mining can impact local communities both positively and negatively. There are however some social negative impacts associated with mining including violence, child labour, escalation of gender inequalities, health and environmental effects including deforestation and pollution. Environmental impacts of mining can occur at local, regional, and global scales through direct and indirect mining practices. – The coal mining industry makes a key contribution to the Queensland economy, and is the underlying driver of employment and economic conditions in many local and regional communities. Some of the key challenges that have emerged for mining regions are the increasingly high cost and shortage of housing, the impact of “fly in and fly out” (FIFO) or “drive in and drive out” (DIDO) workforces, and a significant gap in the wages paid to mining staff and those who work locally in service industries. We use cookies to improve your website experience. Our works shows that: 1. women aren’t consulted when companies negotiate access to land, compensation or benefits 2. when mining damages the environment, it undermines women’s ability to provide food and clea… In an article in Resources Policy, Dr Galina Ivanova and Professor John Rolfe from CQU explored what mining communities want, using the town of Moranbah in Queensland as a case study. Indirect impacts include road-building and pipeline development, which may result in habitat fragmentation and increased access to remote areas. “While positive impacts such as employment and community development projects are important, they do not off-set the potential negatives. While larger intact forest ecosystems may withstand the impacts of mining and oil development, This is particularly due to acid-rock drainage processes, not unique to uranium mining, There is also the reality that mineral resources will be exhausted or their extraction will cease to be economically viable, and when this happens communities need to have the capacity to reinvent themselves if they are to maintain their viability into the future. In Australia, land use conflict, near-neighbour impacts, mine closure and rehabilitation are contributing to higher social costs associated with mining (Brereton and Forbes, 2004, Brereton et al., 2008, Franks, 2009, Franks et al., 2009). The mining boom of the last decade has done many things for the state and for Australia, most notably being the economic factor that stopped Australia … One way this has been addressed is through the Western Australian Government’s Royalties for Regions agreement. Ore grade has decreased over time across most commodities in Australia. In turn, if the Australian government was genuinely interested in the job security of those working in and around Australia's coal mines, the last thing it … 4. 3099067 Waste rock generated by mining has increased for most commodities over time in Australia. The mining industry forms an important pillar of the global economy. These processes also have an impact on the atmosphere from the emissions of … When resources are located where other industries (or populations) are already well established, there is real potential for land use conflicts to emerge. a “two-speed economy”), and the risks to communities that live near large or multiple mining projects as strong reasons why mining should be curtailed or even stopped. Instead of being an asset and allowing the development, mines often become an obstacle for the countries concerned. In this area, the cluster has focused on understanding how mining technologies impact on those who work and live around them. Get it wrong, and we falter. While the economic impacts of mining have been thoroughly explored and social impacts recently have received growing attention, increasingly, mining developments are being required to consider how they affect local communities and implement strategies to minimise negative impacts they … 5 Howick Place | London | SW1P 1WG. Land use-related impacts and environmental impacts affecting human health and human rights appear to be the most concerning social aspects in the mining sector. The Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) states that in the year to March 2011 the value of mining exports was $155 billion and represented 52.8% of the value of total exports from this country, with the bulk of that being contributed by iron ore and coal. The mining industry forms an important pillar of the global economy. If you believe industry propaganda, coal mining is a panacea not only for economic ills but also for smoothing troubled social waters.But a lack of local evidence about the health impact … Further, Franks suggests that technological change may also induce social and economic change such as shifts in employment and skills requirements, or economic returns to communities that may not necessarily lead to social conflict but nonetheless have serious impacts on those communities. The proportion of Australia’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP: the value of all final goods and services produced by Australia during a specific period) made up by mining has grown significantly from around 4% in 2004 to around 9% today. Smarter Approaches to Mining While the EIS process remains important for the assessment of new projects, it does not cover all the economic and social impacts of mining on regional communities. There are impacts resulting from the end-use of uranium in energy and weapons production involving risks of radioactive leaks, emissions, melt downs, and nuclear detonations at great risk to the environment and public health. According to data from the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS), mining industry revenue increased from around 6 per cent of GDP in 2000 to 14 per cent of GDP by the end of the decade, an average annual growth rate of almost 15 per cent (Table 6). These pollutants can damage the health of people living near the minin… Restore content access for purchases made as guest. More and more, however, society is asking: “But at what cost?” Those with reservations about mining point to the environmental impacts of extracting and using non-renewable resources like coal, the economic distortion that results from one part of the economy booming while other parts languish (i.e. Led by researchers at the Institute for Sustainable Futures, University of Technology, Sydney, Vision 2040 aims to provide a clear view of what governments, communities and the industry would need to do to have mining and mineral production contribute positively to a sustainable Australia in 2040. It identified 68 studies organised into seven themes: adverse impacts of increasing non-resident workforces; pressures on infrastructure, housing and services; income inequality; poor child development and education outcomes; pressures on families and relationships; drug and alcohol abuse; and impacts on Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders. For example, autonomous and remote operation technologies are set to transform the Australian mining industry. The adverse impacts of COVID-19 were not isolated to Australian businesses and the economy. 48 hours to view or download: Estimated expenditure through the Royalties for Regions fund from 2008–09 to 2014–15 is $6.1 billion, with $1.2 billion allocated to 2011–12. We don’t currently take a national approach to managing this issue so we don’t really have a complete picture of exactly who is benefiting and who is bearing the costs of mining, or to what extent this is occurring. This is particularly the case in China, which has seen incredible development since the 1990s and is Australia’s second largest export destination behind Japan. ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS . These themes discuss the breadth of findings and critical knowledge gaps of existing research. For example, with declining ore grades (Fig. Over time, exposure to the dust created by mining operations can lead to disease and buildup of scar tissue in the lungs. This increase in the amount of mining conducted in Australia, and the value it has for mining companies and the government, has been driven by enormous global demand for commodities like iron ore and coal to fuel industrialisation and urbanisation, and to support population growth around the world. Other mining companies have indicated that they too have plans to roll out autonomous haul truck fleets and underground loaders. 4.2 Direct Effects of the Mining Industry on the National Economy . However, little information exists to classify key impacts … Figure 2. Resources Policy, 35(2), 98–115. In some ways, this is about managing the risks associated with technologies – a poorly chosen or unsuitable technology can lead to considerable damage to the public, individual industries, specific mining processes and companies, mine employees and the environment. Adapted from Mudd, G.M., 2010, The Environmental sustainability of mining in Australia: Key mega-trends and looming constraints. Studying the rural community of Boddington in south-west Australia, the research links the concepts of social impacts and social … Outcomes of the RUEI The RUEI paid special attention to social impact issues and proposed a range of measures to address this, including the establishment of a joint managed National Park to act as a social impact 'buffer' — ensuring space between new residents, tourists and local indigenous people. While the amount of material exported has increased during this period, so has the value of the commodities being extracted. Research Report No. SOCIAL IMPACT The modes of mining and the lack of regulation of waste management are among the main causes of the problems of mining at social level. By incorporating community views on how long-term benefit can be best derived from Australia’s mineral endowment, there is real opportunity here to make the Australian public central to the decisions that are being made about this issue and the future they wish to see for their country. Technology will play a central role in achieving greater levels of sustainability but its development, adoption and deployment in the mining industry need to demonstrate both environmental sustainability and broad societal acceptance. ABSTRACT. Australia is a major supplier of mineral resources globally and, as a major export industry, mining brings significant financial benefits to the nation. The role of technology is central in defining and realising a sustainable future for the minerals and mining industry in Australia. 2.1 The impacts of uranium mining are very broad. USD 543.00 Mankind started mining for precious metals between 20,000 and 40,000 years ago. This included the creation of jobs for Australians, employment and training opportunities in regional areas, and for Indigenous Australians and women. While the economic value of mining often outweighs other land use options, this masks the much more complex socio-economic impacts of restructuring communities in this way. Recommended articles lists articles that we recommend and is powered by our AI driven recommendation engine. The concept of social sustainability is the primarily focus used to examine and interpret the consequences from contemporary mining operations. 3. • the use of diamonds in jewellery remains a near-universal symbol of wealth and prestige. As our Prime Minister, the Honourable Julia Gillard, has said: “The future is in our hands, and it will be defined by the way we handle the current minerals boom. As advocates for the mining industry point out, the materials that mining produces are central to almost everything that our society uses and values: • coal is essential to our current electricity generation models; • metals are used to make the smart phones, computers and televisions we use every day; and. This article conducted a critical literature review that synthesises contemporary Australian research on the social impacts of mining on local communities. This choice has been made because two defining characteristics of the region highlight the significance of both environmental and social issues at Ranger and Jabiluka. For example, one particularly controversial technical mining process in Australia relates to hydraulic fracturing, or “fracking”, which is a process used in the mining of coal seam gas resources and metalliferous ore. While the economic impacts of mining have been thoroughly explored and social impacts … It has the ability to drive environmental efficiencies (e.g. For the last century, mining has been one of our planet’s largest industries (it generated 683 billion dollars in revenue in 2018 alone).. As a nation, it is important that we think about the benefits of mining balanced against the costs – those resources under the ground belong to all Australians and we should be active in shaping how they are exploited and how the benefits that flow from mining are used and distributed. By asking residents what would make their town more or less “liveable” if coal mining expanded in the region, they found that residents thought increasing the number of workcamps separate to the community would make Moranbah a much less attractive place to live. Research is limited, but growing, and studies have identified how mining developments can affect nearby communities and town residents. 2) it may be more economical in the future to recycle and recover materials from products at the end of their life cycle than dig them out of the ground. Communities in mining regions have been vocal about the need to see some of the benefits of living in Australia’s mining towns. Ensuring that we “get it right” means thinking about mining in new ways to deliver benefit for more Australians and reduce the negative impacts of the industry. At the same time, there is increasing community interest and pressure on government and industry to ensure that these resources are being managed for the benefit of all Australians. Personal Alerts to Give Retailers Competitive Edge. Cited by lists all citing articles based on Crossref citations.Articles with the Crossref icon will open in a new tab. The presence of mining in a landscape can completely transform not only land use but also the infrastructure and labour force of a region – in some cases to the detriment of the more traditional or well established sources of economic production. The mining industry forms an important pillar of the global economy. That can either be produced from 10,000 kg of gold ore or 10 kg of mobile telephones. Registered in England & Wales No. These technologies will instigate a change in the nature of employment in the mining sector and, as a result, the way in which mines interact with the communities in which they operate. One of the key outputs of the cluster’s research is the strategy “Vision 2040: Mining, Minerals and Innovation”, which outlines a vision for Australia’s mineral future. Also, automation may push down the costs of mining because there are (potentially) fewer wages to be paid and it improves workplace health and safety by taking people out of dangerous situations. 30 days to view or download: In fact, in 2008–09 more revenue was generated from mining software sales by Australian companies than from combined sales of uranium and zinc ores. This design process attempts to reduce social hazards or minimise potential social risk by involving designers and decision-makers in considering the likely impacts (anticipated and unanticipated) of technologies once deployed, and how these may be communicated to the public more effectively. Under this scheme the state government promised to distribute 25% of Western Australia’s mining and onshore petroleum royalties to the state’s regional areas each year as an additional investment in projects, infrastructure and community services. Our work shows that the impacts of mining are not gender neutral. The mining industry forms an important pillar of the global economy. Air quality is adversely affected by mining operations. Although we are in no danger of physically running out of minerals any time soon, we do need to address the fact that continued production and declining resource quality create technological, environmental and social challenges. Successful technologies will be those that not only solve technical problems but also meet the needs of decision-makers, local communities and the broader Australian public. In this section, the focus will be on artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM). The demand for mineral resources is likely to stay high for the foreseeable future so finding more sustainable ways for the industry to operate in Australia is important. It also raises the question of where some of that wealth being generated by the mining boom ends up being invested. Technology: Problem or Solution? Social impact assessment (SIA) is a methodology to review the social effects of infrastructure projects and other development interventions. 1). Yet technology that is poorly designed or inadequately thought through has the potential to create unintended consequences for the environment, reduce the number of jobs available to local community members, and change the way mining and society relate to each other. 2. USD 45.00 Currently we are seeing this played out across Australia where land uses such as mining, agriculture and tourism among others are attempting to coexist in the landscape. 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