Identify the organs of the upper respiratory tract, and state their functions. Lung infections may also lead to a stuffy or runny nose, sore throat, sneezing, achy muscles, and headache. Respiratory organs: The organs of the respiratory tract can be divided into two groups-the upper respiratory tract (nose, nasal cavity, sinuses, and pharynx) and the lower respiratory tract (larynx, trachea, bronchial tree, and lungs). Included in the upper respiratory tract are the Nostrils, Nasal Cavities, Pharynx, Epiglottis, and the Larynx. An infection of the upper respiratory tract can occur in the sinuses, nasal passages, pharynx, and larynx. Table 22.1 on page 805 in the textbook gives a good overview of the respiratory system. Brunner: Medical-Surgical Nursing, 11 th Edition Test Bank Chapter 22: Management of Patients With Upper Respiratory Tract Disorders Multiple Choice 1. Respiratory System Mechanics Lab Report. C) Dress warmly. B) Use warm salt-water gargles. Respiratory System Packet Answer Key bacteria. Lower respiratory tract infections These also typically involve the flu, which can affect both the upper and lower respiratory tract, bronchitis (an infection of the airways), pneumonia (a lung infection), bronchiolitis (an infection of the small airways that affects babies and children up to the age of two) and tuberculosis (a more serious, bacterial lung infection). Also explore over 29 similar quizzes in this category. An upper respiratory infection can be due to any number of viral or bacterial infections. Respiratory tract infections (RTIs) can affect the sinuses, throat, airways or lungs. Diverse environmental factors have been identified, and cigarette smoking appears to be an independent risk factor ( Doebbeling & Wenzel, 1987 ; … Rates of antibiotic prescription for uncomplicated URTIs are 52%, and it accounts for 10% of all antibiotics prescribed annually in ambulatory practice. People with influenza commonly have acute onset of fever, myalgia, headache, and cough. Check if you have an RTI. CC-BY. The anatomy of the upper respiratory tract contains several structures that help rid the system of particles and pathogens. An upper respiratory infection, or the common cold, is an infection that affects the nasal passages and throat. A wide range of organisms can infect the respiratory tract, including viruses, bacteria, fungi and parasites (Table R-1). Chapter 13: Respiratory System Review Flashcards | Quizlet What are the functions of the respiratory system? So first of all, the respiratory tract as a whole is an organ system that's composed of the lungs and the airways. The GI, or digestive, tract extends from mouth to anus (see the image below). Respiratory tracts includes both upper respiratory tract (URT) and lower respiratory tract (LRT). They warm and clean the air we inhale: mucous membranes lining upper respiratory structures trap some foreign particles, including smoke and other pollutants, before the air travels down to the lungs. Legionnaires disease is a life-threatening lower respiratory tract infection responsible for 1% to 3% of community-acquired pneumonia. Part 2 in an 10 part lecture on the respiratory system in a flipped Human Anatomy course taught by Wendy Riggs. Chapter 15: Respiratory System Flashcards | Quizlet 15.2 Structure and Function of the Respiratory System Review Questions. An upper respiratory tract infection (URTI) is an illness caused by an acute infection, which involves the upper respiratory tract, including the nose, sinuses, pharynx, or larynx.This commonly includes nasal obstruction, sore throat, tonsillitis, pharyngitis, laryngitis, sinusitis, otitis media, and the common cold. Infection with the influenza virus is another type of upper respiratory infection. The division of the GI tract into upper and lower is a matter of some confusion and debate. Upper Respiratory Infection. D) Wash the hands frequently. In normal healthy individual LRT is sterile. SEVERAL studies suggest that anesthesia for the child with an upper respiratory tract infection (URI) is associated with an increased risk of perioperative respiratory complications. Microflora are only present in URT; Although many microorganisms enter URT through air during breathing, most of them are removed by mucus lining and nasal hair. Describe the respiratory tract. Today we will be discussing the different structures associated with the upper respiratory tract. As you may know, people have search hundreds times for their chosen books like this quizlet chapter 22 respiratory system, but end up in malicious downloads. Upper respiratory tract: Composed of the nose, the pharynx, and the larynx, the organs of the upper respiratory tract are located outside the chest cavity. Try this amazing Upper Respiratory Tract Infections quiz which has been attempted 2230 times by avid quiz takers. Symptoms of an RTI include: a cough – you may bring up mucus (phlegm) sneezing; a stuffy or runny nose; a sore throat; headaches; muscle aches These infections may affect the throat (pharyngitis), nasopharynx (nasopharyngitis), sinuses , larynx , trachea (tracheitis) or bronchi . During cold season, what information should the nurse provide to the patient to best prevent transmission of organisms? Upper respiratory infection is commonly abbreviated URI. These structures allow us to breathe and speak. The URT consists of the nose, nasal cavity, ethmoidal air cells, frontal sinuses, sphenoidal sinuses, maxillary sinus, larynx, and trachea. air distributors, gas exchange, warms, filters and humidifies air, sound production, specialized epithelium of the respiratory tract … 12/20/08 5 Epidemiology • Acute rhinosinusitis (25 million visits). The respiratory tract is the path of air from the nose to the lungs. It is divided into two sections: Upper Respiratory Tract and the Lower Respiratory Tract. Normal flora of Respiratory tract. Respiratory System : Upper Respiratory Tract Of The Respiratory System (16:02) Lesson 2 in our Respiratory System series. Phoenix Material Roderick Tabigne Respiratory System Lab – Week Six Introduction The respiratory system consists of the upper respiratory tract (the nasal cavity, pharynx, larynx, trachea, and bronchi) and the lower respiratory tract (the lungs). A) Take prescribed antibiotics. Cough is often present in either upper or lower respiratory tract infections. A lower respiratory tract infection can affect the airways, such as with bronchitis, or the air sacs at the end of the airways, as in the case of pneumonia.. Most cases of upper respiratory infection are caused by viruses, such as the common cold, and go away on their own with time. The URT conducts air to and from the lungs and filters, moistens, and warms the air during each inspiration. The upper respiratory system is made up of everything from the nose to the trachea, including the nasal cavity, frontal, maxillary, and sphenoidal sinuses, ethmoidal air cells, and the larynx.The bronchi and bronchioles airways, lungs, and alveoli make up the lower respiratory tract. The nasal cavity has a mucociliary lining similar to that of the lower respiratory tract. Most RTIs get better without treatment, but sometimes you may need to see your GP. And it plays a role in gas exchange. Respiratory disease is a medical term that encompasses pathological conditions affecting the organs and tissues that make gas exchange possible in higher organisms, and includes conditions of the upper respiratory tract, trachea, bronchi, bronchioles, alveoli, pleura and pleural cavity, and the nerves and muscles of breathing. 12/20/08 4 Epidemiology Upper respiratory tract infection is the most common diagnosis in ambulatory visits (37 million visits). URIs range from the common cold—typically a mild, self-limited, catarrhal syndrome of the nasopharynx—to life-threatening illnesses such as epiglottitis (see the image below). Here we discuss pathologies affecting the upper respiratory tract; Subtopics; Rhinitis; Sinusitis; Laryngitis; Epiglottitis; Laryngotracheobronchitis Upper respiratory tract infection (URI) represents the most common acute illness evaluated in the outpatient setting. Of the upper respiratory infection symptoms, the most common is a cough. What is respiration, as carried out by the respiratory system? 1–7 However, differences in study design have made interpretation and comparisons difficult, such that the clinical importance of these findings remains controversial. Types of upper respiratory infection include the common cold (head cold), the mild flu, tonsillitis, laryngitis, and sinus infection. upper respiratory tract: one of the two divisions of the respiratory system. Online Library Quizlet Chapter 22 Respiratory System Quizlet Chapter 22 Respiratory System Thank you very much for reading quizlet chapter 22 respiratory system. The upper respiratory system, or upper respiratory tract, consists of the nose and nasal cavity, the pharynx, and the larynx. Upper respiratory infections (URI) are very common and include the common cold and flu.An upper respiratory infection is defined as an infection of any of the structures of the upper respiratory tract: the sinuses, nasal passages, pharynx, and larynx. 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