For the myth of Thammuz, mentioned in the Nabataean writings as a man who was put to death by the king of Babylon, whom he had commanded to introduce the worship of the seven planets and the twelve signs of the zodiac, and who was exalted to a god after his death, and honoured with a mourning festival, is nothing more than a refined interpretation of the very ancient nature-worship which spread over the whole of Hither Asia, and in which the power of the sun over the vegetation of the year was celebrated. Tammuz: and indeed it is thought by some that this Tammuz is the Osiris of the Egyptians; the same with Mizraim, the first king of Egypt, who, being slain in battle, his wife his ordered that he should be worshipped as a god, and a yearly lamentation made for him; and indeed Osiris and Adonis seem to be one and the same, only in different nations called by different names. to the north was the gate called Teri or Tedi, and was very In this chapter, Ezekiel condemns the idolatry which he sees in the Jerusalem Temple. for they say, The Lord seeth vs not, the Lord hath forsaken the earth. Thus far, the prophet has seen in the different courts of the Temple the general image worship of the people, then the creature worship of their elders, and now the corrupt and debasing rites of their women. Women are mentioned as employed in the service of idols in Jeremiah 7:18. Under the weeping for Thammuz, Jerome (with Melito of Sardis and all the Greek Fathers) has correctly recognised the worship of Adonis. There is some reason for believing that the weeping of women for Tammuz passed into Syria and Palestine from Babylonia, Tammuz being identified with Duv-zi, whose loss was lamented by the goddess Istar. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. And it came to pass in the sixth year, in the sixth month, on the fifth day of the month, as I sat in my house with the elders of Judah sitting before me, that the hand of the Lord GOD fell upon me there. and, behold, there sat women weeping for Tammuz: they were not in the court of the women, where they should have been; but at the northern gate, near the place of sacrifice; and they were sitting there, which none but the kings of the house of Judah, and of the family of David, were allowed in the temple (z); but, what was the greatest abomination, they were weeping for Tammuz. It is not certain that this verse refers to any special act of Tammuz-worship. It was just a foreshadow of what He was to do for His church. Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary 8:13-18 The yearly lamenting for Tammuz was attended with infamous practices; and the worshippers of the sun here described, are supposed to have been priests. Special Topic: Cornerstone "Should I be consulted by them at all" This is … About this book 1. they were not in the court of the women, where they should have Jarchi says this was an image, which they heated inwardly, and its eyes were of lead; and these being melted with the heat, it seemed to weep; wherefore (the women) said, it asks for an offering: but not the idol, but the women, wept. And He brought me to the entrance of the gate of the house of Jehovah, which is towards the north, and behold there sat the women, weeping for Thammuz. Jarchi says this was This is done under the parable of an exposed infant rescued from death, educated, … Ezekiel 8:14-15 New American Standard Bible (NASB) 14 Then He brought me to the entrance of the gate of the Lord’s house which was toward the north; and behold, women were sitting there weeping for Tammuz. 1. sat—the attitude of mourners (Job 2:13; Isa 3:26). worshipped: and, behold, there sat women weeping for abomination to commit idolatry where the Lord was more solemnly And it came to pass in the sixth year, in the sixth month, on the fifth day of the month, as I sat in my house with the elders of Judah sitting before me, that the hand of the Lord God fell upon me there. Then he brought me to the door of the gate of the This view has not been shaken even by the objections raised by Chwolson in his Ssaabins (II. (o) The Jews write, that this was a prophet of the idols, who after his death was once a year mourned for in the night. The connected visions at Ezekiel 3:12-7:27' comprehended Judah and Israel; but the visions (Ezekiel 8:1-11:25') refer immediately to Jerusalem and the remnant of Judah under Zedekiah, … (8-14) The message to the princes and people of Jerusalem. Targum here calls the house of the sanctuary of the Lord; that 3. p. 974, Ed. abomination, they were weeping for Tammuz. That Judah of Ezekiel's day is intended is clear from the mention of Jaazaniah the son of Shaphan, as Shaphan had been Josiah's secretary of state and his other sons, such as Jeremiah's friend Ahikam, came to occupy important positions (see 2 Kings 22:8-14 2 Kings 22:8-14 [8] And Hilkiah the high priest said to … NET ©: Then he brought me to the entrance of the north gate of the Lord ’s house. "I have seen (says he), in Byblus, a large temple of Venus Byblia, where they performed the rites unto Adonis, and I was a spectator of them. This solemnity was of a twofold character, first, that of mourning, in which the death of Adonis was bewailed with extravagant sorrow; and then, after a few days, the mourning gave place to wild rejoicings for his restoration to life. Thou shalt yet again see still greater abominations than these. Christ from his lofty throne … 1. Ezekiel 8 is the eighth chapter of the Book of Ezekiel in the Hebrew Bible or the Old Testament of the Christian Bible.This book contains the prophecies attributed to the prophet/priest Ezekiel, and is one of the Books of the Prophets. And in the morning … Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. Behold, there sat women weeping for Tammuz— The prophet here refers to the Phoenician or Syrian superstition. This commentary has been through Advanced Checking. Ezekiel 16:8-14 New International Version (NIV). Ezekiel 8:10 So I entered and looked, and behold, every form of creeping things and beasts and detestable things, with all the idols of the house of Israel, were carved on the wall all around. And He said to me, Dost thou see it, O son of man? F26; but, what was the greatest Ezekiel 8:14 Here, God supernaturally reveals to the prophet some of the secret sins of the nation of Israel. 5:446. California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. Vid. The Lord appeals to the prophet concerning the heinousness of the crime; and lo, they put the branch to their nose, … Ezekiel has often been called the father of Judaism. Such was in Ezekiel's day one of the most detestable forms of idolatry. The etymology of the word Tammuz is doubtful. And he said unto me. ] It came to pass in the sixth year, in the sixth [month], on the fifth of the month, … “ — — — Tammuz came next behind, Whose annual wound in Lebanon allured The Syrian damsels to lament his fate, In am’rous ditties all a summer’s day, While smooth Adonis, from his native rock, Ran purple to the sea, supposed with blood Of Tammuz, yearly wounded: the love-tale Infected Sion’s daughters with like heat, Whose wanton passions, in the sacred porch, Ezekiel saw, when by the vision led His eye survey’d the dark idolatries Of alienated Judah — — — .” PARADISE LOST b. The article in הנּשׁים is used generically. The time of prophecy is noted, Ezekiel 29:1, the order to prophesy against Pharaoh, who is described as a large fish, lying in his rivers, and boasting of them, Ezekiel 29:2, his destruction and the manner of it, Ezekiel 29:4, the reason of it, his treachery to the Jews, Ezekiel 29:6, hence the whole land of Egypt is threatened … Intro: In this chapter, God speaks of how He took an outcast Bedouin family and made them a strong, beautiful nation. The idea thus fabled was that of the waters of the river and the beauties of spring destroyed by the summer heat. This was a revival of nature-worship under another form - the death of Adonis symbolized the suspension of the productive powers of nature, which were in due time revived. "תּמּוּז, Θαμμούζ or Θαμμούς," says Jerome, "whom we have interpreted as Adonis, is called Thamuz both in Hebrew and Syriac; and because, according to the heathen legend, this lover of Venus and most beautiful youth is said to have been slain in the month of June and then restored to life again, they call this month of June by the same name, and keep an annual festival in his honour, at which he is lamented by women as though he were dead, and then afterwards celebrated in songs as having come to life again." Commentaries Adam Clarke Barnes' Notes Forerunner Commentary Jamieson, Fausset, and Brown John Wesley's Notes ... Topical Studies: X-References: Ezekiel 8:13 : Ezekiel 8:15 >> Interlinear Bible for Ezekiel 8:14: Then he brought bow' (#935) me to 'el (#413) the door pethach (#6607) of the gate sha`ar (#8179) of … house, which [was] towards the north 8 “‘Later I passed by, and when I looked at you and saw that you were old enough for love, I spread the corner of my garment over you and covered your naked body. 1. From the term's usage in Daniel 7:13 and Daniel 8:14, it came to be recognized as a Messianic title, the very one, in ... John Trapp Complete Commentary. Of the abominations which come to be represented in this vision of our prophet there are four: (1) after an introduction ( Ezekiel 8:1-4), the image of jealousy, Ezekiel 8:5-6; (2) the idolatry in the secret place of the chambers of imagery, Ezekiel 8:7-13; (3) the mourning for Tammuz, Ezekiel 8:14-15; (4) the worship of the sun, with a closing threatening of God, Ezekiel … Copyright © 2021, Bible Study Tools. Zeitschrift Deutschen Morgen-Gesellschaft, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament. In this part of the temple were Young's Literal: And I go in, and … Comment. Ezek. Bible commentary on the Book of Ezekiel, chapter 8, by Dr. Bob Utley, retired professor of hermeneutics. For Ezekiel… Ezekiel 8:14. Mention is made in Plato (d) of Thamus, a king that reigned at Thebes over all Egypt, and was the god called Ammon; no doubt the same with this Tammuz; and who is here called, in the Syriac and Arabic versions, Thamuz or Tamuz; he seems to be the same with Ham; and Egypt was called, the land of Ham, Psalm 105:27; and it is most probable the Jews borrowed this piece of idolatry from the Egyptians their neighbours; with whom they were now very familiar, and from whom they expected help against the Chaldeans; but as there were such shocking obscenities used in this idolatrous service, it is most amazing that the Jewish women, who had been instructed in the law and worship of God, should ever go into it. Gussetius (e) thinks that Bacchus, the god of wine, is meant; and gives several reasons for it; and among the rest observes, that in the fourth month, called Tammuz from him, the vine was forming in ripe grapes; near the beginning of a fifth month, it was pressed out, and tunned up; and by the next month, having done fermenting, it was stopped up, which represented him buried; and for which the weeping was in this month. All rights reserved. PREVIOUS NEXT. (c) De Dea Syria. His conception of holiness, which stands in sharp contrast to Isaiah's, became dominant in the period that followed his people's return from Babylonian exile. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. 2 . ... (cf. "And when I passed by thee, and saw thee polluted..." 9 Then I … - The prophet is taken from the entrance into the court to the entrance of the gate of the temple, to see the women sitting there weeping for Thammuz. After the … ((z) Maimon. Behold, there sat women wailing for Tammuz. Ezekiel 8:14, ESV: "Then he brought me to the entrance of the north gate of the house of the LORD, and … A word list at the end explains words with a *star by them. 27. Bible commentary on the Book of Ezekiel, chapter 14, by Dr. Bob Utley, retired professor of hermeneutics. Or else, the earth being clothed with beauty, during the half year when the sun is in the upper hemisphere, and losing it when he departs to the lower. CHAPTER 8. And He said to me, Thou shalt yet again see still greater abominations which they do. Ian Mackervoy. the sacrifices offered; and therefore it was the greater they were sitting there, which none but the kings of the house of wherefore (the women) said, it asks for an offering: but not the and these being melted with the heat, it seemed to weep; (Eze 8:1) Ezekiel, the elders, and the hand of the Lord. of From Byblos it spread widely over the east and was thence carried to Greece. 11 And there stood before them seventy men of the ancients of the house of Israel, and in the midst of them stood Jaazaniah the son of Shaphan, with every man his censer in his hand; and a thick cloud of incense went up. —The prophet is now taken to the north gate of the outer enclosure of the Temple courts, and there sees a new and exceedingly corrupt form of idolatry. Ezekiel 16:8-14 The Lord 's Faithless Bride. Yet you will see still greater abominations than these.” 8 "When I passed by you again and saw you, behold, you were at the age for love, and l I spread the corner of my garment over you and covered your nakedness; I made my vow to you m and entered into a covenant with you, declares the Lord God, n and you became mine. Who was Tammuz and why would women be weeping for him? One of these sins is lamenting for a pagan god named Tammuz. Lord's The month in which the vision was seen, the sixth month (September), was not the month of the Tammuz-rites. An EasyEnglish Bible Version and Commentary (2800 word vocabulary) on Ezekiel chapters 1 to 24. www.easyenglish.bible. Ezekiel 8:1 And it came to pass in the sixth year, in the sixth month, in the fifth … He further observes, that Maimonides (a) writes, that he found written in one of the books of the ancient idolaters, that there was a man of the idolatrous prophets, whose name was Tammuz; who called to a certain king, and commanded him to worship the seven stars, and the twelve signs of the zodiac, for which the king put him to a violent death; and, the same night he died, all the images from the ends of the earth gathered together to the temple of Babylon, to a golden image which was the image of the sun; and this image was hanging between the heavens and the earth, and it fell into the midst of the temple, and so all the images round about it; and it declared unto them what had happened to Tammuz the prophet; and all the images wept and lamented all that night; and when it was morning, they all fled to their temples at the ends of the earth; and this became an everlasting statute to them, that at the beginning of the first day of the month Tammuz, every year, they lament and weeps for Tammuz; and there are others that expound Tammuz the name of a beast which they worship;''. 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