A nephew of Moctezuma II was Diego de Alvarado Huanitzin. "The emperor Moctezuma", belonging to the work "The discovery and conquest of the new world : containing the life and voyages of Christopher Columbus", In the codex's description of the first meeting between Moctezuma and Cortés, the Aztec ruler is described as giving a prepared speech in classical oratorical Nahuatl, a speech which as described verbatim in the codex (written by Sahagún's Tlatelolcan informants) included such prostrate declarations of divine or near-divine admiration as, "You have graciously come on earth, you have graciously approached your water, your high place of Mexico, you have come down to your mat, your throne, which I have briefly kept for you, I who used to keep it for you," and, "You have graciously arrived, you have known pain, you have known weariness, now come on earth, take your rest, enter into your palace, rest your limbs; may our lords come on earth." [8], In 1517, Moctezuma received the first reports of Europeans landing on the east coast of his empire; this was the expedition of Juan de Grijalva who had landed on San Juan de Ulúa, which although within Totonac territory was under the auspices of the Aztec Empire. [14] Díaz gives this account: "They had hardly finished this speech when suddenly such a shower of stones and darts were discharged that (our men who were shielding him having neglected for a moment their duty, because they saw how the attack ceased while he spoke to them) he was hit by three stones, one on the head, another on the arm and another on the leg, and although they begged him to have the wounds dressed and to take food, and spoke kind words to him about it, he would not. ", "Las reformas socio-económicas de Motecuhzoma II", Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Moctezuma_II&oldid=1001010963, 15th-century indigenous people of the Americas, 16th-century indigenous people of the Americas, Articles containing Classical Nahuatl-language text, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2008, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2008, Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Moctezuma (spelled Montezuma) is portrayed in, Montezuma is a playable ruler for the Aztec in several of the, Several species of animals and plants such as, This page was last edited on 17 January 2021, at 20:44. The details of his death are unknown, with different versions of his demise given by different sources. [29] In any case it is within the realm of possibility that the description of Moctezuma in post-conquest sources was colored by his role as a monumental closing figure of Aztec history. It was stated that he had reigned for seventeen years, and was the best king they ever had in Mexico, and that he had personally triumphed in three wars against countries he had subjugated. Tezozomoc, Fernando Alvarado, 1992 (1949), Crónica Mexicayotl, Translated by Adrián León, UNAM, México. And they were all dressed alike except that Moctezuma wore sandals whereas the others went barefoot; and they held his arm on either side. Listen to free internet radio, news, sports, music, and podcasts. A work currently held at the Art Institute of Chicago known as the Stone of the Five Suns is an inscription written in stone representing the Five Suns and a date in the Aztec calendar, 1 crocodile 11 reed, which is the equivalent to 15 July 1503 in the Gregorian calendar. [38], Many indigenous peoples in Mexico are reported to worship deities named after the Aztec ruler, and often a part of the myth is that someday the deified Moctezuma shall return to vindicate his people. The veracity of this claim is difficult to ascertain, though some recent ethnohistorians specialising in early Spanish/Nahua relations have discarded it as post-conquest mythicalisation.[25]. Among his many children were Princess Isabel Moctezuma and sons Chimalpopoca (not to be confused with the previous huey tlatoani) and Tlaltecatzin.[32]. It was situated at the present day location of Mexico City. 0 0 3 months ago. During the siege of the city, the sons of Moctezuma were murdered by the Aztecs, possibly because they wanted to surrender. [1] He changed the previous meritocratic system of social hierarchy and widened the divide between pipiltin (nobles) and macehualtin (commoners) by prohibiting commoners from working in the royal palaces.[1]. Moctezuma came down the middle of this street with two chiefs, one on his right hand and the other on his left. L 1516–1521. In Book 12 of the twelve-volume Florentine Codex, the account in Spanish and Nahuatl is accompanied by illustrations by natives. In his Historia, Bernal Díaz del Castillo states that on 1 July 1520, the Spanish forced Moctezuma to appear on the balcony of his palace, appealing to his countrymen to retreat. Twelve-Volume Florentine Codex, the Aztec Empire him a King consort of Ecatepec since she was of... Online at Last.fm servants to cater to his every whim 37 ] other holders of noble... 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