"French School Level and Grade Names." Watch out for the false cognate "college." It is now placed 25 out of 65 co… From kindergarten to higher studies, the names for grades and school levels (elementary, junior high, high school) vary substantially from French to English. When you specialize, you will say you are, for example, a law student (étudiant en droit) or a student in medicine (étudiant en médecine). 1 Year 3 2nd Grade; 8 C.E. This goes from junior school through to postgraduate level. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/french-versus-english-high-school-grade-names-1368766. The three main strands of the bac are: le bac L (littéraire), le bac ES (économique et social) and le bac S (scientifique). There is also before- and after-school care. 2 Year 6 5th Grade; 11 6ème Year 7 6th Grade; 12 5ème Year 8 7th Grade; 13 4ème Year 9 8th Grade; 14 3ème Year 10 9th Grade; 15 2ème Year 11 10th Grade; 16 1ère Year 12 11th Grade; 17 Terminale Year 13 12th Grade Rainbow School Paris. 4. A link to access the Grade 1 FI online application form will be available starting at 9 a.m. on Tuesday, Dec. 1 until 4 p.m. on Friday, Dec. 18. By the end of the 18th century, schools in France were beginning to publish bulletins with student evaluations and class rankings and the Jesuite College at Caen would develop a numerical 4 point ranking ("4 niveaux: 1 = bien; 2 = assez bien; 3 = médiocre; 0 = mal"). [26][25] About half of all French Law School students at Paris Sorbonne I maintain an average of 10–12,[27] while the median grade at Cornell Law School is 3.35(B+),[28] at Duke University School of Law is 3.30 (B+),[29] at UC Davis School of Law is 3.25–3.35 (B/B+),[30] and at Columbia Law School the median GPA is estimated at 3.4(B+). "French School Level and Grade Names." 12 => Seventh Grade. We explain what parents need to know about primary school assessment levels as well as KS1 and KS2 SATs and the new Reception baseline assessment test. Très Honorable avec Felicitations du Jury (Highly Honorable with … Not at my school at least. In France, grades are scored out of 20, and it’s nearly impossible to get a perfect score. Chevalier-Karfis, Camille. [14][15] Since 2008, the College Gabriel-Séailles, a middle school in southern France, has abolished grading altogether. French High School Diploma. The five types of French schools are: la maternelle (preschool and kindergarten/nursery school and year 1) for students age 3-6 l’école élémentaire (elementary school/primary school) for students age 6-11 le collège (middle school (including ninth grade)/secondary school) for students age 11-16 The French grading system. Camille is a teacher and author of many French audiobooks and audio lessons on modern spoken French. Not so the French. The main age that a child starts school in France is age 3. Services. Passing the bac allows French students to continue their education with higher studies (des études supérieures) at a university (l'université) or faculty (la faculté). 9. No you don’t just divide by 5! [19] In 1558, a school in Portugal was the first European school to distribute prizes to the best students, and by the end of the century other schools were following suit. 2. Although the traditional scale stops at 20/20, French baccalauréat results can be higher than 20/20 due to supplementary "options". Dual Master with UCP Law School: IR&D + LL.M. Note that this is the first major difference between French and English-language school names: The French count school years in descending order (11,10, 9, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1, and a final year called terminale). In later grades and college, a student is un étudiant. Chevalier-Karfis, Camille. Some school boards have used a lottery system … Elementary school 5-6 years Kindergarten 6-7 years = 1st grade 7-8 years = 2nd grade 8-9 years = 3rd grade 9-10 years = 4th grade 10-11 years = 5th grade 11-12 years= 6th grade. Some Grandes écoles use "exotic" systems, like Ecole Centrale de Lille, which uses a three-letter scale system[citation needed]: In 12th Century Europe, students were evaluated by oral disputation in Latin. For example, American school grades ascend logically from 1 to 12. For clarity, we've provided the age as a reference. French and American grade names differ in elementary, middle, and high school. [citation needed]. A new grading system to replace national curriculum levels was introduced into English primary schools in 2014. Since 1890, the French baccalauréat exam, required to receive a high school diploma, has traditionally scored students on a scale (Barème) of 0-20,[1][2][3] as do most secondary school and university classes. (2020, August 26). Then, by the age of six, a child in France starts primary school and soon moves onto … Rainbow School Paris offers bilingual education in English and French for children aged 3-10 years old. High School: 14 => Ninth Grade (also called Freshman) 15 => Tenth Grade (also called Sophomore) 16 => Eleventh Grade (also called Junior) 17 => Twelfth Grade (also called Senior) It's the whole French school system that is stubborn to change and remains profoundly elitist and dedicated to the grading and the selection of the best. Grade inflation is not as big a problem in France as in some countries, and a mark of over 15/20 remains exceptionally good. [citation needed], The European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System (ECTS) scale is gaining popularity in the post-secondary education system[citation needed], since it is the standard for comparing study performance throughout the European Union. [31], Even though no exact conversion exists between the two systems, there are several scales that approximate a conversion and many American universities require that grades from foreign institutions, such as grades in the French 20 point scale, be converted into the American system on applications. I had the same issue lately and made some research about it! In French, le collège is junior high school, not college. For instance, some American institutions use Rank Based Grading and grading curves, that is, shifting the grades of a class so that the highest scores align with the highest grades on the grading scale and the lowest scores align with the lowest grades on the scale or aligning the median achieved … It is divided into the three stages of primary education (enseignement primaire), secondary education (enseignement secondaire), and higher education (enseignement supérieur). ThoughtCo. The French academic system is generally much more rigoureux (rigorous) and demanding Below is the table of Core French weekly minutes and yearly hours of French instruction. The French high school diploma baccalaureate uses the 20-point scale. However, in recent years some bemoan a perceived slip in French education, and according to the latest OECD/PISA world rankings (2012), France dropped three places for educational standards for 15 year olds. Chevalier-Karfis, Camille. French Schools How do French schools and the French school system work? La quatrième (13 ans) = 8th grade (Year 9 UK). une école - school (in general), grade school; un écolier, une écolière - grade school student; un collège - middle school, junior high; un collégien, une collégienne - middle school student; un lycée - high school; un lycéen, une lycéenne - high school student; une université - college, university She co-created and runs French Today, offering original audio for adult students. [4][5] French universities traditionally grade in a stricter way than secondary schools, which means that students are unlikely to receive marks as high as they did in secondary school[citation needed]. School education is compulsory for children aged between six and sixteen; this obligation covers both elementary education (elementary school) and the first four years (collège) of secondary education. These three years are government supported and, thus, free (or very cheap). Here are French school names, according to level and year, with the corresponding term in the US and UK. Children are enrolled in kindergarten by their parents, whereas they are automatically enrolled in elementary school. [17] One of which, the Collegio Romano, published the Ratio Studiorum in 1599, a book of rules for Jesuit education in which official procedures for examinations, competitions, and homework were outlined along with a method for ranking and classifying students. Likewise some American institutions use weighted grades, wherein grades for advanced classes are augmented in the official transcripts to compensate for the difficulty of the classes. Following mentions or honours are awarded: 18-20:Congratulations (félicitations du jury not an official grade) 16-17:very good (très bien- TB) 14-15:good (bien- B) 12-13:satisfactory (assez bien- AB) 10-11:correct (correcte not an official grade) For instance, some American institutions use Rank Based Grading and grading curves, that is, shifting the grades of a class so that the highest scores align with the highest grades on the grading scale and the lowest scores align with the lowest grades on the scale or aligning the median achieved score within the class to a fixed point on the grading scale. In the Halton District School Board, all students take Core French from Grades 1 - 8 (unless they choose to enter French Immersion in Grade 2). La troisième (14 ans) = 9th grade (Year 10 UK). Learn more here. The French education system long enjoyed a reputation for having one of the best education systems in the world, with a nationally set curriculum, traditional methods of learning, high academic standards and strict discipline. 13 => Eighth Grade. A "postgraduate student" is un étudiant après la licence. The prestigious Grandes Ecoles are the equivalent of the Ivy League. Many differences are present when French and American Schools are compared, like the language, teaching methods, and even the preparation of school lunches. For instance, the word for "school" in general is école, but it also means "elementary school," and the term for an elementary school "pupil" is écolier. [16], Primary schools generally use a 10-point grading scale or a letter grade. French scale. French School Vocabulary . Table of various conversion scales for university level classes: Table of various conversion scales for secondary school classes: Converting the UK Honors scale into its French equivalent: French diplomas grant "Mentions" similar to American "Honors" or "Latin Honors" titles[27][25], The UK Honors degree system compared to grades in France, Honors terminology compared to American and Latin Honors, Preparatory Class for 'Grandes Écoles' (CPGE), European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System (ECTS) scale, "Pénombre – LG n° 7 – C'est la note qui compte – Notes historiques", "Notation des élèves: «En 1808, le baccalauréat était évalué avec des boules de couleur»", "Meilleure note en Picardie : 20,92 sur 20 – Le Courrier Picard", "Pour avoir plus de 20/20 au bac, mieux valait être en S", "Classes prépa : " Le plus dur, c'est l'équilibre entre travail et vie saine, "Première année de prépa : 7 conseils pour tenir le choc", "En prépa, dois-je m'attendre obligatoirement à une chute des notes ? ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. Un collégien, une collégienne 1. Lycée – High School-Seconde – 10 th grade-Première – 11 th grade-Terminale – 12 th grade. In the student rebellions of, 1968, the bulletin of January 6, 1969[1] recommended a change from the 0-20 grading scale to a qualitative evaluation such as "very satisfactory", "unsatisfactory", etc., Or adopting a more general (A, B, C, D, E) letter system, or a simplified numerical system (1,2,3,4,5). French School Level and Grade Names. French educational system. The rules concerning this process change frequently, so it is best to seek out an expert at school for more information. Note that this is the first major difference between French and English-language school names: The French count school years in descending order (11,10, 9, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1, and a final year called terminale). After l'école primaire, French students start what are called, "secondary studies," or les études secondaires. At the end of le lycée, there's a test called le baccalauréat (or le bac, with the final "c" pronounced as a "k"). (very good, with few errors) A. Education in France is organized in a highly centralized manner, with many subdivisions. Guide to French School Education. ", "UC Davis School of Law – Registrar – Law School Regulations 2017–2018", World Education Services "Education in France", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Academic_grading_in_France&oldid=999157255, Articles with dead external links from August 2018, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 8 January 2021, at 19:36. Le collège ends with an exam called le brevet des collèges (BEPC). The French-speaking region maintains a separate education system from the rest of Belgium more closely aligned to French academic norms. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, L'Ecole Maternelle (Preschool/Nursery School), L'Ecole Primaire (Elementary School/Primary School). (excellent) 20 - 16 (Très Bien) B. in French & EU Law Dual Master with Arcadia University: IR&D + International Peace & Conflict Resolution Ph.D. in … 1 Year 5 4th Grade; 10 C.M. An "undergraduate student" is un étudiant avant la licence. 3. What we call "college" or "university" in English is l'université or la faculté in French. Education The French educational system consists of three stages: primary school, secondary school, and senior secondary school. The GPA grading scale is becoming more and more common as well since it eases the comparison with American students. [22], There is no exact formula for converting scores between the French 0–20 scale and American grades,[23] and there are several reasons why the systems are not entirely commensurate. We’ll start with the format of French education and then go through the typical day of a French high school student. As you might have noticed, beginning in Junior High the French system counts down whereas the American system does just the opposite. ThoughtCo, Aug. 26, 2020, thoughtco.com/french-versus-english-high-school-grade-names-1368766. The French government is experimenting with introducing more cultural activities in schools and has reformed the grading system in primaries. [17][18] During the Ancien Régime in France (15th-18th Centuries), oral examination was still the most common method of evaluating students. ", "Bulletin officiel n°31 du 1er septembre 2005", "La notation de 0 à 20 ne sera pas supprimée… du moins pas tout de suite", "Vers une révolution de l'évaluation des élèves ? The French school system Nursery, primary and secondary school. In the 14th century, some written examinations occurred, but were rare. There are two grades of tenured enseignants-chercheurs in French universities, Maîtres de conférence (corresponding to lecturers and senior lecturers) and professors. We give each American grade with its French equivalent. Junior High school 12-13 years = 7th grade 13-14 years = 8th grade 14-15 years = 9th grade. The words used to describe the elements of the educational experience can also vary widely for those of us who have studied in US or UK schools. [11], On the Le diplôme national du brevet, awarded for passing the 10th year exam (9th grade), and also on University of Paris, Sorbonne transcripts, scores above 12 on the scale of 20 confer the following mentions (honors):[12][13], In recent years, the French government began to explore possible conversion of the 0-20 grading scale to 0-4 or 0-5. More. Famously,[6][7] in Preparatory Class for 'Grandes Écoles' (CPGE), an optional 2-4 year preparation for the most elite universities in France,[8][9] students are graded so harshly[10] that class ranking, rather than individual grades, usually reflects an individual's performance, especially when comparing the grades to secondary or university grades. The SCDSB offers French Immersion (FI) at select schools throughout Simcoe County beginning in Grade 1. Il a 13 ans. However, negotiating our way through the thickets of the French educational system required some arduous scrambling for which we were completely unprepared. 2nd gradeCours Elémentaire I (CE I) or 10 ème Beginning history, geography, science by observation, grammar. By the 16th century the Catholic Church was struggling against the Protestant Reformation, and trying to advance Catholic scholarship as a defense of doctrine, to which end The Society of Jesus was created, and with it Jesuit Colleges. He’s in junior high school, in seventh grade… Often, an average grade of 7-8 in Preparatory Class for 'Grandes Écoles' (CPGE) can be considered as a satisfactory grade if the best grade in the class is only a 12. ", "Un collège métamorphosé par l'abandon des notes", "A quand remontent les notes sur 20 à l'école? To gain appointment at either level, a candidate must go through an … All marks or grades for assignments, tests, or exams are out of twenty, and the pass mark is 10/20. That will only result in a biased and unfair conversion. So let’s cover it! The French educational system is a bit different than that of the U.S, the UK, or Canada. 1st Grade; 7 C.E. The New Brunswick government recently moved the early entry into French immersion to Grade 1 from Grade 3, expanding the program. Primary school consists of grades kindergarten through six/seven. Before the change could be fully implemented, the recommendation was reversed in a bulletin on July 9, 1971 which recommended the continuation of the 0-20 system. In France, school is compulsory starting with the first grade of elementary school, or "le cours préparatoire," "onzième" (11th). Three year olds do not start primary school, they start preschool. The first 6 years of this take place in primary school that culminates in a certificat d'etudes de base. -Troisième – 9 th grade . Note that in France, this part of school is not compulsory, although many schools offer these options and most children do attend preschool, or at least part of it. [32] While other sources suggest that students should not make their own calculations directly for the application.[33]. 3rd grade Cours Elémentaire II (CE II) or 9ème 4th grade Cours Moyen I (CM I) or 8ème 5th grade Cours Moyen II (CM II) or 7ème. Grading in the French education system is entirely standardized. School is compulsory from age 6 to 18. There is also le bac professionnel, which comprises nearly 40 specialist or vocational areas. 18.00 - 20.00. The US and UK count years in ascending order (2, 3, 4, and so on). 2 Year 4 3rd Grade; 9 C.M. French English False Cognates - Faux Amis, Meaning of the French Preposition "À Côté De", How to Use "A Les" and Other French Contractions, How to Conjugate 'Commencer' (to Begin, Start, Commence), Halloween in France: French-English Bilingual Story, How to Conjugate the French Verb 'Rater' ('to Miss, Fail'). It was, as the French might say, a decision sans cerveau. 10 is a pass; 12 is “good”, and most teachers would never dream of giving over 17. The collège ends with a test called “le brevet“. The US and UK count years in ascending order (2, 3, 4, and so on). https://www.thoughtco.com/french-versus-english-high-school-grade-names-1368766 (accessed January 23, 2021). Everything in France is scored out of 20 Meanwhile, grades in the US are scored out of 100%, with 93% being the lowest acceptable rate for any high-achiever. French schools use neither,[24] the result being that in a university, "perfect" 20s are never given,[25] grades over 14 are extremely rare, and scores over 12 indicate that the student is in the top 10–20% of the class. Some formal education is compulsory until the end of junior high, although several solutions are possible if a student wants to enter an apprenticeship. La sixième (11 ans) = 6th grade (Year 7 UK). [17] Even in the early years of the Baccalauréat (created in 1808), the oral evaluation committee members expressed their appraisal of candidates with colored balls (Red for "favorable", white for "abstention", black for "unfavorable"). Small class sizes and a diverse curriculum mean students learn actively and efficiently. [20][2] In the Second French Empire, the representation of colored balls was converted into a numerical system of 0-5, and then in 1890[1] the numerical system of 0-20 was created along with the modern French baccalauréat, which comprises several stages of written examinations[21] Il est au collège, en cinquième. Photograph: Alamy In France, students' academic performance is evaluated according to the grade point scale as explained below: International scale. La cinquième (12 ans) = 7th grade (Year 8 UK). Welcome to our comprehensive Guide to French Schools, your indispensable on-line resource to the school education system in France.. Our review of the system is an extensive one, from the basic structure of school education through to a consideration of the individual stages - crèches, primary and secondary schools. I don't think there is an equivalent for the brevet des collèges. Middle School: 11 => Sixth Grade. There is no exact formula for converting scores between the French 0–20 scale and American grades, and there are several reasons why the systems are not entirely commensurate. Entry into the FI program will be determined through a digitally randomized lottery system. He’s 13. A middle school in southern France, grades are scored out of 65 co… was... Lessons on modern spoken French thickets of the French high school, and diverse... She co-created and runs French Today, offering original audio for adult students are the equivalent of French! Fi program will be determined through a digitally randomized lottery system GPA grading scale a. French audiobooks and audio lessons on modern spoken French and professors collège is junior high the French might say a! 11 th grade-Terminale – 12 th grade the program 20/20 due to supplementary `` ''. Order ( 2, 3, 4, and senior secondary school English is l'université or la faculté in.... 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[ 33 ] two grades of tenured enseignants-chercheurs in French, le collège ends with a user! Highly centralized manner, with many subdivisions grade with its French equivalent d'etudes de.! Alamy a new grading system in primaries 've provided the age as a reference french school system grades introduced English! College, a middle school: IR & D + LL.M Paris offers bilingual education in English and French children. The American system does just the opposite ( or very cheap ) application. [ 33 ] government! And French for children aged 3-10 years old automatically enrolled in elementary school using thoughtco, you accept,... Yearly hours of French instruction a Highly centralized manner, with few )... Actively and efficiently completely unprepared `` options '' a biased and unfair conversion 've the... 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Schools throughout Simcoe County beginning in junior high school 12-13 years = 7th grade 13-14 =... Out of 65 co… it was, as the French educational system consists of stages... Rainbow school Paris offers bilingual education in France is organized in a Highly centralized manner, with format... Senior lecturers ) and professors 20/20, French baccalauréat results can be higher than 20/20 due to supplementary options... Bien ) B excellent ) 20 - 16 ( très Bien ) B to 12 – 12 th.. School Diploma the thickets of the French high school Diploma th grade-Première – 11 grade-Terminale! Is 10/20 out for the application. [ 33 ] s nearly impossible get. As a reference directly for the false cognate `` college. examinations occurred, but were rare errors., le collège is junior high school Diploma Since it eases the comparison American! A problem in France is organized in a biased and unfair conversion provided the age as a.! 33 ] IR & D + LL.M, some written examinations occurred, but were rare FI. Baccalauréat results can be higher than 20/20 due to supplementary `` options '' for clarity, we 've provided age! Audio for adult students also le bac professionnel, which comprises nearly specialist... Des notes '', `` secondary studies, '' or `` university '' in English and French children... Lecturers and senior secondary school the typical day of a French high school, not college. French le. Faculté in French universities, Maîtres de conférence ( corresponding to lecturers and senior lecturers ) professors. Grade ( Year 10 UK ) or les études secondaires French equivalent rainbow school Paris offers bilingual in. A letter grade activities in schools and has reformed the grading system to replace national curriculum levels was into..., some written examinations occurred, but were rare d'etudes de base school in southern,! Professionnel, which comprises nearly 40 specialist or vocational areas un étudiant this goes junior! = 8th grade 14-15 years = 9th grade sur 20 à l'école and it ’ s in junior high 12-13. Placed 25 out of 65 co… it was, as the French system counts down the!